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Trifolium campestre Schreb.
HOP TREFOIL
Hop Clover; Lesser Clover; Yellow Clover; Big Hop Clover; Low Hop Clover; Large Hop Clover; Trifolium procumbens L; Field clover

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Trifolium

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Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre

Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre

Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre

Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre

Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre
Trifolium campestre
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Trifolium campestre

Trifolium campestre, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium campestre, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Trifolium campestre, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium campestre, whole plant - in flower - general view

Trifolium campestre, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium campestre, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Trifolium campestre, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Trifolium campestre, whole plant - in flower - general view

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Therioaphis ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe martii @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (2)
Megachilidae  Megachile mendica @ BBSL (1)

Osmia pumila @ BBSL (1)
Miridae  Lygus hesperus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Trifolium campestre Schreb. ( Trifolium procumbens ) Low Hop Clover
Fabaceae — Bean family
Non-native
Trifolium campestre
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
May 2001


The stalked terminal leaflets distinguish this plant from Trifoleum aureum .
The grooved petals distinguish it from Medicago lupulina .

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRCA5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRCA5
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRCA5 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRCA5
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRCA5 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=TRCA5
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Trifolium campestre Schreb.
field clover

Image of Trifolium campestre

General Information
Symbol: TRCA5
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Annual
Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Trifolium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

©G.A. Cooper. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, NC, Raleigh, Springmoor. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 354. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
TRPR7 Trifolium procumbens L., nom. utique rej.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Trifolium L. – clover
Species Trifolium campestre Schreb. – field clover

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Trifolium campestre . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Trifolium campestre</i>
Schreb. var. <i>
minus</i>
(W.D.J. Koch) Kozuharov
Trifolium campestre var. minus

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Trifolium campestre field clover large hop clover This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (TRCA5)
CalPhotos (TRCA5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRCA5)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (TRPR7)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (TRCA5)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (TRCA5)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (TRCA5)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (TRCA5)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Gee

Sources

Gee, K.L., M.D. Porter, S. Demarais, F.C. Bryant, and G.V. Vreede. 1994. White-tailed deer: Their foods and management in the Cross Timbers . Ardmore.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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