|California Fungi—Trichaptum abietinum
(Photo: © Michael Wood)
(Dicks.: Fries) Ryvarden
Norw. J. Bot. 19: 237. 1972.
Fruiting body annual or short-lived perennial, 1-4 cm broad, up to 0.5 cm thick, flattened to slightly convex, margin wavy, forming tiers of overlapping sessile shelves; surface hairy, zonate, whitish to light-grey, usually pale purple near the margin, in age sometimes greenish from colonizing algae; flesh leathery, thin, pale brown to purplish-brown.
Tubes single-seried, 1-3 mm long, pale brown; pores 2-4 per mm, circular to angular, at maturity frequently toothlike; purple when young, fading to brownish-purple.
Spores 4-6.5 x 2.5-3.0 µm, smooth, allantoid (curved cylindrical); spore print off-white.
In overlapping tiers on dead conifer wood, found year-round, shriveling in dry weather but capable of reviving; fresh fruitings emerging from late fall to mid-winter.
This attractive small, leathery shelf fungus makes up in numbers for its lack of size, often dominating on conifer logs. The white, hairy, zonate cap, usually with a purplish margin when young, and purple-tinged pores make it easy to recognize, although in age the pores may breakdown to form spines causing possible confusion with species of tooth fungi. Look-alikes include
, also with a whitish, hairy cap, distinguished by a "split gill" hymenium, and
, an uncommon but larger, woody polypore that has a blackish-brown cap and pinkish pore surface. A closely related species,
), grows primarily on hardwoods.
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Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F.
(1986). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 2: Non-Gilled Fungi. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 412 p.
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
(2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
Ellis, M.B. & Ellis, J.P.
(1990). Fungi without Gills (Hymenomycetes and Gasteromycetes). Chapman and Hall: London, England. 329 p.
Gilbertson, R. L. & Ryvarden, L.
(1987). North American Polypores, vol. 2. Fungiflora: Oslo, Norway. 452 p.
(2017). Polypores of British Columbia (Fungi: Basidiomycota). Province of British Columbia: Victoria, BC. 260 p.
(1953). The Polyporaceae of the United States, Alaska, and Canada. University of Michigan Press: Ann Arbor, MN. 466 p.
Other Descriptions and Photos
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The Fungi of California
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