Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 286. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5; 138, 1754.
[After the Swedish botanist E. Tillands, 1640--1693]
Harry E. Luther;Gregory K. Brown
Herbs, usually epiphytic, stemless to long caulescent. Leaves mostly many-ranked, rosulate, or occasionally 2-ranked and / or laxly arranged; blade linear to triangular or ligulate, margins entire, trichomes usually conspicuous. Inflorescences central, 1--many-flowered, 2-ranked; floral bracts mostly broad, conspicuous, rachis covered or exposed at anthesis. Flowers bisexual; sepals distinct or adaxial pair connate, usually symmetric; petals distinct; stamens included or exserted, filaments free; ovary superior. Capsules cylindric, dehiscent. Seeds with basal, white, plumose appendage.
Species ca. 550 (13 species and 2 described natural hybrids in the flora): widespread in the Neotropics.
Gardner, C. S. 1982. Systematic Study of Tillandsia Subgenus Tillandsia. Ph.D. dissertation. Texas A&M University. Gardner, C. S. 1984. New species and nomenclatural changes in Mexican Tillandsia---I. Selbyana 7: 361--379. Luther, H. E. 1985. Notes on hybrid tillandsias in Florida. Phytologia 57: 175--176.