On this moth, both forewings and hindwings are primarily grey. The forewing ranges from whitish grey to brownish grey, with darker markings, which vary in intensity. Some, especially worn specimens, lack discernable markings.
It is common throughout Britain and Ireland in a variety of habitats, including mountains, moorlands and woodlands. It flies in the late afternoon and evening in May and June, coming to light after dusk.
The larva feeds from a leaf spinning or folded leaf, on bramble (
), birch (
) and oak (
), and many other trees, shrubs, herbs and grasses. It is active from July to October, overwintering as a full-grown larva to pupate in Spring.
Several other polyphagous species have similar brown larvae; see detailed description below for help in distinguishing them.
(description Ian F. Smith)
: Polyphage. Especially
, and many other trees, shrubs, herbs and grasses, including
. Feeds from a leaf spinning or folded leaf, from July to September, overwintering as a full-grown larva to pupate in April - May.
: 16 mm and 18 mm described
: Light burnt ochre mottled with darker burnt ochre. Clypeus and base of antenna translucent white. Pitchy black posterolateral mark. Stemmatal area pitchy black.
: Translucent yellowish brown. Divided by thin inconspicuous whitish medial line. Very large pitchy black lateral mark.
: Often, but not always, noticeably paler dorsally than abdomen; brownish yellow, contrasting with dark brown dorsal line.
: Yellowish brown, darker brown on base of femur and on claw.
: Dorsally and laterally down to spiracles greyish brown (or olive, or yellowish green; BTS). Broad subspiracular band of brownish cream. Ventrally greyish cream.
: Fine brown peritreme.
: Brownish cream.
: Translucent tinted light brown.
: Anal comb of about six reddish brown prongs.
; medially yellowish brown, laterally pitchy black.
: Brownish cream. Crochets reddish brown.
: Specimens with the pale thoracic dorsum are distinctive, but when it is dark, the body is very similar to
. The head colour, and patterns on the thoracic shield and anal plate should be compared carefully.
Other brown polyphagous larvae, which might be confused with
(Dark venter. Pinacula as body. Plates black. Lobe on posterior of anal plate),
(Dark venter. Pinacula as body. Plates black.)
(Pinacula whitish. Dark venter. Compare thoracic shield and anal plate. Frequent on
Other species may resemble
, so rearing is advised for positive identification.