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Stropharia coronilla (Bull. ) Quél.
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Strophariaceae   Stropharia

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

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Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Stropharia coronilla

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Substrate @ BPI (20)

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California Fungi—Stropharia coronilla Stropharia coronilla
(Photo: © Fred Stevens)

Stropharia coronilla (Bulliard: Fries) Quélet
Mémoires del la Société d'Emulation de Montbéliard sér. II, 5: 237. 1872.

Common Name: none

  • Pileus

    Cap 2-5 cm broad, rounded, becoming convex, finally nearly plane; margin incurved when young, occasionally upturned in age; surface lubricous when moist, smooth, pale yellow-buff, margin lighter; flesh white, firm, thick at the disc, thin at the margin; odor faintly sweet; taste mild.

  • Lamellae

    Gills adnate when young, adnexed to slightly descending in age, close, broad, pale lilac-grey, darkening to greyish-purple at maturity.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 1.5-4.5 cm tall, 4-7 mm thick, solid, stuffed at maturity, sometimes hollow at the apex, equal to tapering downward; surface finely tomentose and white above the ring, smooth to finely fibrillose and pale yellowish-buff below; partial veil white, forming a medial to superior, persistent ring, the upper surface conspicuously striate and colored purple-brown by spores; rhizomorphs frequently at the base.

  • Spores

    Spore 7-8.5 x 4.5-5.5 µm, elliptical, smooth, with an inconspicuous apical pore; spore print purple brown.

  • Habitat

    Solitary, scattered, to gregarious in grass; fruiting spring summer and fall in watered areas, less common during the winter months.

  • Edibility

    Possibly toxic.

  • Comments

    Stropharia coronilla is a small, cream to pale yellowish-buff mushroom that is distinguished by a lubricous when moist cap, and annulus with prominent striations on the upper surface, the latter often tinged purple with spores. It superficially resembles an Agaricus species, but lacks the characteristic free gills. Agrocybe pediades , another grass dweller, is similar in size and color, but lacks an annulus and the spores are dull brown, rather than purple brown.

  • References

    Ammirati, J.F., Traquair, J.A. & Horgen, P.A. (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN. 396 p.
    Bas, C., Kyper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C. (1999). Flora Agaricina Neerlandica—Critical monographs on the families of agarics and boleti occurring in the Netherlands. Volume 4. Strophariaceae, Tricholomataceae. A. A.Balkema: Rotterdam, Netherlands. 191 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F. (1995). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 4: Agarics (2nd Part). Entolomataceae, Pluteaceae, Amanitaceae, Agaricaceae, Coprinaceae, Strophariaceae. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 368 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Little, B. (1991). A Systematic Study of Hypholoma and for California. Masters Thesis. Humboldt State University: Arcata, CA. 114 p.
    Noordeloos, M.E. (2011). Strophariaceae s.l. Edizioni Candusso: Alassio, Italy. 648 p.
    Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
    Watling, R. & Gregory, N.M. (1987). British Fungus Flora: Agarics and Boleti. Vol 5. Strophariaceae & Coprinaceae p.p.: Hypholoma , Melanotus , Psilocybe , Stropharia , Lacymaria , & Panaeolus . Royal Botanic Garden: Edinburgh, Scotland. 121 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Arora (1986): p. 377 (D & P)
    • Lincoff: p. 727 (D), plate 215
    • Miller: sp. 199 (D)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1997-2019 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Stropharia+coronilla&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Stropharia+coronilla&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

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Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Stropharia coronilla%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1371 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1373 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1374 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1105 1376 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0097 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Stropharia coronilla
Stropharia coronilla
ID: 0000 0000 1107 0098 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

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