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Smilax herbacea L.
SMOOTH CARRIONFLOWER
Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Smilacaceae   Smilax

Smilax herbacea, Carrion-flower Male
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Smilax herbacea, Carrion-flower Male

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Smilax herbacea, Carrion-flower Male
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Smilax herbacea, Carrion-flower Male
Smilax herbacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax herbacea

Smilax herbacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Smilax herbacea
Smilax herbacea or psuedo-china inflorescence, Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Smilax herbacea or psuedo-china inflorescence, Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.

Smilax herbacea, or spp. Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.
© Copyright source/photographer · 5
Smilax herbacea, or spp. Howard County, MD, HeLoMetz ---.
Smilax herbacea
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 4
Smilax herbacea

Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf base under
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 2
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf base under
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower

Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf upper
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf upper
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf tip upper
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf tip upper

Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf base upper
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, leaf base upper
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, tendrils
© Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1
Smilax herbacea, Smooth carrionflower, tendrils

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia artocreas @ BPI (1)

Discosia maculicola @ BPI (1); 867037B (1); 860929B (1)
Aphididae  Neoprociphilus aceris @ NCSU (4); AMNH_PBI (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Diplodia dispersa @ BPI (1)

Macrophoma pellucida @ 372354A (1); 372354B (1)

Macrophoma smilacina @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta cruenta @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta londonensis @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta pellucida @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta smilacis @ BPI (10)

Phyllosticta vagans @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella pellucida @ BPI (1)
Cortinariaceae  Crepidotus herbarum @ BPI (1)
Dothioraceae  Metasphaeria dearnessii @ BPI (1)

Pleosphaerulina canadensis @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum liliacearum @ BPI (2)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora smilacis @ BPI (3)

Ramularia subrufa @ BPI (3)

Septoria pellucida @ BPI (1)
Orbiliaceae  Dactylium @ BPI (1)
Pezizaceae  Peziza atrata @ BPI (1)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Leptosphaeria @ BPI (1)

Phaeoseptoria calamagrostidis @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora pellucida @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora smilacigena @ BPI (1)

Stagonospora smilacis @ BPI (2)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia amphigena @ BPI (2)

Puccinia ferruginea @ BPI (1)

Puccinia smilacis @ BPI (10)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma smilacis @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis @ BPI (1)
Turritellidae  Vermicularia liliacearum @ 860929A (1); 867037A (1)
_  Ascochyta fuscopapillata @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta londonensis @ BPI (1)

Ascochyta smilacigena @ 372353A (1); 372353B (1)

Septogloeum subnudum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Smilax herbacea L. Smooth Carrion-flower Greenbrier
(Smooth Carrion-flower) Smilacaceae — Greenbriar family
Native
Smilax herbacea Smilax herbacea
Staminate flowers Brandywine Creek State Park
May 2003 Smilax herbacea
Pistillate flowers
Smilax herbacea
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2017 Smilax herbacea
This photo may show S. pulverulenta . White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
April 2014

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMHE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMHE
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SMHE ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMHE
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMHE ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SMHE
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Smilax herbacea L.
smooth carrionflower

Image of Smilax herbacea

General Information
Symbol: SMHE
Group: Monocot
Family: Smilacaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Vine
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Smilax thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Robin R. Buckallew. United States, IA, Centerville. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 527. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
NEHE3 Nemexia herbacea (L.) Small

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Smilacaceae – Catbrier family
Genus Smilax L. – greenbrier
Species Smilax herbacea L. – smooth carrionflower

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SMHE)
CalPhotos (SMHE)
Flora of North America (SMHE)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (NEHE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SMHE)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SMHE)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SMHE)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (SMHE)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (SMHE)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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Link to Flora of North America home
 
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FNA Vol. 26 Page 467, 471, 473 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Smilacaceae | Smilax

8. Smilax herbacea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1030. 1753.

Carrion-flower, Jacob's-ladder, smilax herbacé

Coprosmanthus herbaceus (Linnaeus) Kunth; C. peduncularis (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Kunth; Nemexia cerulea Rafinesque; N. herbacea (Linnaeus) Small; N. nigra Rafinesque; Smilax herbacea subsp. crispifolia Pennell; S. herbacea var. peduncularis (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) A. de Candolle; S. herbacea var. simsii A. de Candolle; S. peduncularis Muhlenberg ex Willdenow

Vines. Stems annual, climbing, branching, to 2.5 m, herbaceous, glabrous; prickles absent. Leaves: petiole thin, 1—6 cm; tendrils numerous, long, functional; blade oblong-ovate, ovate, or round, 4.5—12 × 3—9 cm, glabrous abaxially, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, apex obtuse to acute; proximal cauline leaves narrower and smaller. Umbels many, axillary to leaves, 20—100+-flowered, globose; peduncle to 30 cm, progressively shorter distally. Flowers: perianth greenish, carrion-scented; tepals 3.5—4.5 mm; anthers much shorter than filaments; ovules (1—)2 per locule; pedicel 0.5—2 cm. Berries blue, subglobose, ca. 10 mm diam., glaucous. 2n = 26.

Flowering May--Jun. Higher elevations in rich woods, alluvial thickets, and meadows, often in calcareous soils; 100--800 m; N.B., Ont., Que; Ala., Ga., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va.

The leaves and habit of Smilax herbacea are quite variable.

Updated: 2020-08-06 19:34:51 gmt
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