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Samolus valerandi L.
BROOKWEED
Seaside brookweed; Samolus parviflorus

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Primulaceae   Samolus

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Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Samolus valerandi

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Entylomataceae  Entyloma henningsianum @ BPI (5)

Entyloma valerandi @ BPI (2)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Samolus parviflorus  Raf.

Water Pimpernel

Samolus parviflorus plant

Family - Primulaceae

Stems - Multiple from base, erect, branching, glabrous, terete, from fibrous roots, light green, herbaceous, to 30cm tall.

Leaves - Alternate. Lowest leaves tapered at base to a petiole. Petioles to 1.5cm long. Blades spatulate, entire, light green, subacute at apex, glabrous. Entire leaf to +/-7cm long, -4cm broad. Upper cauline leaves slightly more narrow and nearly sessile.

Samolus parviflorus leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary racemes to +/-7cm long. Pedicels typically jointed, with a small subulate bract at joint, to +1.2cm long in fruit, shorter in flower, spreading. Axis and pedicels glabrous.

Flowers - Corolla white, 5-lobed, +/-3mm broad, glabrous. Corolla tube .5mm long. Lobes truncate to emarginate at apex. Staminodia alternating with corolla lobes, white, .4mm long, 1-5 in number. Stamens 5, opposite corolla lobes, adnate near base of corolla tube. Filaments white, .2-.3mm long, glabrous. Anthers yellow, .2mm broad. Style short, .1mm long, glabrous. Ovary partially inferior, unilocular. Placentation free-central. Ovules many. Calyx tube green, glabrous, .7mm long, 5-lobed. Lobes triangular, glabrous, 1mm long. Calyx accrescent, forming a toothed capsule to 3mm in diameter in fruit.

Samolus parviflorus flower

Samolus parviflorus calyx Calyx.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Streambanks, seeps, low wet woods, lake and pond margins.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This little species can be found mostly in the lower 1/2 of Missouri. The flowers are minute, ( parviflorus ), and the plant is fairly indistinct. The plants habitat and its large, open racemes are good characteristics to use for identification. Grazing wildlife sometimes feed on the plant.

Photographs taken on the banks of the Current River in Van Buren, MO., 6-16-01, and at the Mud Crek Conservation Area, Butler County, MO., 6-11-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAVA3 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SAVA3
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Samolus valerandi L.
seaside brookweed

Image of Samolus valerandi

General Information
Symbol: SAVA3
Group: Dicot
Family: Primulaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   I,N
PR   N
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Samolus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Primulales
Family Primulaceae – Primrose family
Genus Samolus L. – brookweed
Species Samolus valerandi L. – seaside brookweed

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Samolus valerandi . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Samolus valerandi</i>
L. ssp. <i>
parviflorus</i>
(Raf.) Hultén
Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
seaside brookweed Distribution of <i>
Samolus valerandi</i>
L. ssp. <i>
valerandi </i>
Samolus valerandi ssp. valerandi
seaside brookweed

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine water pimpernel Special Concern

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SAVA3)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (SAVA3)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SAVA3)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Samolus+valerandi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Samolus+valerandi&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Samolus valerandi%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2005 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
Seaside Brookweed
ID: 0000 1111 2222 2006 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
Brookweed
ID: 0000 0000 0711 0616 [detail]
© 2011 Phil Pullen

Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
Brookweed
ID: 0000 0000 0711 0617 [detail]
© 2011 Phil Pullen

Samolus valerandi
Samolus valerandi
Brookweed
ID: 0000 0000 0711 0618 [detail]
© 2011 Phil Pullen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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