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Salmo labrax Pallas, 1814
BLACK SEA SALMON
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Salmonidae   Salmo


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salmo&speciesname=labrax ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salmo&speciesname=labrax
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Salmo&speciesname=labrax ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Salmo-labrax.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Salmo labrax Pallas , 1814

Black Sea salmon Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Salmo labrax (Black Sea salmon) Salmo labrax
Picture by Otel, V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Pallas .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243 ).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eurasia: rivers draining to Black Sea; Lipkovska stream in upper Vardar drainage (Macedonia).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from congeners in Black Sea basin by its unique caudal fin only slightly emarginate and yellow or orange eggs, about 5 mm in diameter. Can be further separated from other species of the genus by having 16-18 gill rakers, usually 18 ( vs. 13-18, usually 16, in Salmo trutta ) (Ref. 59043 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

There are anadromous, lacustrine and resident forms. At the sea, it occurs along coasts at depths of up to 50 m. Undertakes migration to hill streams. Resident part of populations live in streams and uppermost reaches with fast current, cold clear water and stone or gravel bottom. Spawns in upper reaches with fast current. Spawns in October-January. Parrs live in rivers and streams for 2-4 years, then smoltify and migrate to sea or mature in freshwater. Spends 2-4 years in the sea. Parrs and resident adults feed on aquatic and terrestrial invertebrates. Anadromous and large lacustrine individuals prey mostly on fish and large crustaceans. Anadromous individuals feed while in rivers. Damming hinders most returning adults to reach spawning sites (Ref. 59043 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof , 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00477 - 0.02296), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (65 of 100) .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily Fish Forum
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