|California Fungi—Russula brevipes
(Photo: © Michael Wood)
Ann. Rept. NY State Mus. 43: 66. 1890.
Cap (4)6-12(20) cm broad, broadly convex with depressed center to nearly infundibuliform at maturity; surface smooth, dry, subviscid to viscid when wet, white, sometimes yellowish to brownish in age; margin plane to decurved; flesh thick, solid, crisp, brittle, white, becoming yellowish in age; odor mild, taste slowly acrid.
Gills adnate to adnexed, decurrent with age, close; color white, often pale yellow or pale tan in age; lamellulae present.
Stipe (2)4-6(8) cm long, (1.5)2-3(4) cm thick, equal or tapered towards the base, solid; surface dry white, with yellowish to brownish discolorations in age.
Spores 8-10.5 x 6.5-9 µm, subglobose to subovoid to subellipsoid, with amyloid ornamentation of warts and ridges. Spore print white to pale yellow.
Solitary to scattered to gregarious in soil of our coastal forests, often in great abundance; most common late fall.
Edible, but usually mediocre.
is one of the most common
species on the west coast, and is easily identified by its stature, large size, and white coloration which does not stain when handled.
is distinguished by the greenish discoloration of the gills and conspicuous greenish band around the apex of the stipe.
This is a species complex with more than one taxa hidding under this name. More data/research is needed to clarify the species.
Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A.
(2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
(1960). A Study of Russula Types. Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 21(2): 1-59.
(1890). Report of the State Botanist 1889. Ann. Rep. NY State Mus. 43: 54-97. (
(2007). Russulas of southern Vancouver Island coastal forests. Doctoral dissertation. University of Victoria: Victoria, BC, Canada. 667 p.
(1964). The subsection
. Mycologia 56: 202-231.
(1997). The Agaricales (Gilled Fungi) of California. 9. Russulaceae I.
. Mad River Press: Eureka, CA. 158 p.
Other Descriptions and Photos
(D & CP)
(D & CP)
Arora (1986): p. 87 (D), p. 88 (P)
Arora (1991): p. 27 (D & CP)
Lincoff: p. 698 (D), plate 252 (CP)
: p. 95 (D & CP)
Miller: sp. 69 (D & CP)
Phillips: p. 108 (D), p. 109 (CP)
Smith: sp. 260 (D & CP)
Thiers (1997): p. 19 (D), plate II, fig. 9 (I)
(D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)
The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2020 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens