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Raja
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Rajidae

Raja velezi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja velezi

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Raja velezi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja velezi
Raja binoculata
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja binoculata

Raja cortezensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja cortezensis
Raja cortezensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja cortezensis

Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata
Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata

Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata
Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata

Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata
Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata

Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata
Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata

Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata
Raja clavata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Raja clavata

Raja
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Raja
Kinds
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • disc: front margin straight/convex
  • 2 dorsals; no c
  • snout rigid, not elongate
  • pelvics: 2 lobes, rear lobe larger
  • belly: mucous pores unpigmented
RAJA

SKATES

Rhomboidal disc with front margins straight to convex; snout rigid, not elongate; pelvic fin with 2 distinct lobes joined by membrane, rear lobe large; large spiracles behind eyes; 2 small dorsal fins at rear of tail; no tail fin; upper surface of disc largely free of denticles, present on rear borders of ventral side; mucous pores on underside of disc unpigmented; tail with one or more rows of thorns.

A circumglobal genus except for central Pacific, with 32 species; 6 are endemic to the eastern Pacific, 5 of them occurring in the TEP.


References
  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Aurioles-Gamboa , D. , García-Rodriguez , F. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 1995., Adiciones a la ictiofauna de Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:79-85.
  • Beebe , W. and Tee-Van, J., 1941., Eastern Pacific expeditions of the New York Zoological Society. XXVIII. Fishes from the tropical eastern Pacific. (From Cedros Island, Lower California, South to the Galápagos Islands and northern Peru.) Part 3. Rays, mantas and chimaeras., Zoologica, 26(3):245-280.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. and Balart, E. F., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la ictiofauna de fondos blandos y someros de la Ensenada de La Paz y Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:139-150.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1973., Nuevas especies de peces de los generos Mustelus (Fam. Triakidae), Raja (Fam. Rajidae) y Schedophilus (Fam. Centrolophidae)., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 42:1-40.
  • Chirichigno, N., 1978., Nuevas adiciones a la ictiofauna marina del Peru., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 46:1-109.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Girard, C., 1855., Characteristics of some cartilaginous fishes of the Pacific coast of North America., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 7:196-197.
  • Hubbs, C.L., 1916., Notes on the Marine Fishes of California., Univ. Calif. Pubs. Zool., 16:153-169.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1896., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part I., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1-1240.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1881., Note on Raia Inornata., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4:73-74.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • McEachran , J. D. and Miyake, T., 1988., A new species of skate from the Gulf of California (Chondrichthyes, Rajoidei)., Copeia, 1988:877-886.
  • McEachran , J.D.and Dunn, K.A., 1998., Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of Elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae)., Copeia, 1998:271-290.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Rubio , R. E. A. and Estupiñan, F., 1990., Ictiofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga, un Analisis de su Estructura y Perspectivas para su Manejo., Memorias del VII Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias y Tecnologías del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :660-670.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Updated: 2019-10-22 06:56:47 gmt
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