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Pontinus vaughani Barnhart and Hubbs, 1946
SPOTBACK SCORPIONFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scorpaenidae   Pontinus

Pontinus vaughani
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pontinus vaughani

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Overview
Main identification features
  • d: 2nd and 3rd spines long
  • red + small pale blue spots
Head very bony, with numerous spines; lateral line with tubes on scales; pectoral fin 20 rays, all unbranched; head and body compressed; large, deep head, nape flat; eye relatively small (18-25% of head length); dorsal fin XII, 9-10, 2nd and 3rd spines equally long, much longer than other spines; pectoral 19-20 rays; anal III,5; 14-21 spines on first gill arch; 28 scales with lateral line pores.

Head and body dark-pink, with yellowish wash to upper half; entire head and body with dense irregular, often elongate, pale blue spots; spinous dorsal with pink and blue spines, membranes yellowish pink, soft part with pink rays, yellowish membranes; tail, and anal rays pink, membranes yellowish pink; pelvic with pink and blue rays, yellowish pink membranes; pectoral rays pink with series of elongate dark spots, membranes pink with blue spots, base pink with dense blue spots.

Size: 57 cm.

Habitat: rubble bottoms.

Depth: 30-120 m.

Baja California Sur, the SW part of the Gulf of California and the Revillagigedos and Clipperton.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 120 m.
Depth Range Min: 30 m.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=30; Southern limit=11; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-110; Latitudinal range=19; Longitudinal range=5.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 57 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); TEP endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Barnhart , P.S. and Hubbs, C.L., 1946., Pontinus vaughani: a new scorpaenid fish from Baja California., Bulletin of Scripps Institute Oceanography, University of California, San Diego., 5:371-390.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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