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Pomadasys argenteus (Forsskål, 1775)
SILVER JAVELIN
Grunter; Grunter Bream; Silver Grunt; Small-spotted Grunter-bream; Small-spotted Javelin Fish; Small-spotted Javelin-fish; Spotted Grunter; Trumpeter; White-finned Javelin Fish; White-finned Javelin-fish; Pomadasys commersoni Lacépède, 1802; Pomadasys opercularis Playfair, 1867; Lutjanus hasta Bloch, 1790; Sciaena argentea Forsskål, 1775

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Haemulidae   Pomadasys


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/c08f3821-4311-4670-a175-e31e76a90e63 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/c08f3821-4311-4670-a175-e31e76a90e63
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/c08f3821-4311-4670-a175-e31e76a90e63 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b15eeeb1-a755-494f-a78c-44fec1cf5866;jsessionid=4D04FA4273A516FE3D0CADD5757D99E6
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b15eeeb1-a755-494f-a78c-44fec1cf5866;jsessionid=4D04FA4273A516FE3D0CADD5757D99E6 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/b15eeeb1-a755-494f-a78c-44fec1cf5866;jsessionid=4D04FA4273A516FE3D0CADD5757D99E6
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Haemulidae  
 Genus Pomadasys  
  Pomadasys argenteus    (Forsskål, 1775) 
Provider: Chen, Jeng-Ping 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Coius gudgutia Labrus commersonnii Lutjanus hasta Lutjanus microstomus Polotus nitidus Pomadasys hasta Pomodasys argenteus Pomodasys hasta Pristipoma argenteum Pristipoma chrysobalion Pristipoma commersonnii details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Character: Dorsal-fin rays XII, 14 ; anal-fin rays III, 7 ; pectoral-fin rays17. Body ovate; head profile almost straight. Mouth small; lips not thickened; two pores and a central groove under the chin. No antrorse spine before the dorsal fin origin; notch between the spinous and soft-rayed portion of the dorsal fin shallow. Color is generally silver-mauve to fawn above, white below. Small specimens with numerous spots aligned horizontally or fused into horizontal lines; large specimens plain or with scattered charcoal scale spots on back and upper sides; the snout is dark brown; the upper operculum charcoal or purplish. 
Habitat: Found in coastal waters. Enters freshwaters.Feed on benthic invertebrates and fishes. Marketed fresh, may be salted.  
Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to the Philippines, north to southern Japan, and south to northern Australia. Taiwan: South.  
Utility: Commercial fisheries and aquarium species. 
Name Code: 381903
   Marine     
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Pomadasys&speciesname=argenteus ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Pomadasys-argenteus.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Pomadasys-argenteus.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Pomadasys-argenteus.html

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Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Pomadasys argenteus (Forsskål , 1775)

Silver grunt Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Pictures | Google image Image of Pomadasys argenteus (Silver grunt) Pomadasys argenteus
Picture by Hermosa, Jr., G.V.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Forsskål .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range 15 - 115 m (Ref. 12260 ).   Tropical; 26°C - 29°C (Ref. 4959 ); 40°N - 27°S, 32°E - 170°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea to the Philippines (but without record from the Persian Gulf), north to southern Japan (Ref. 559 ), and south to northern Australia. Also reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 11889 ). Recently recorded from Oman (Ref. 11441 ) and Kuwait (Ref. 80050 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635 ); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 7. Body ovate; head profile almost straight. Mouth small; lips not thickened; two pores and a central groove under the chin. No antrorse spine before the dorsal fin origin; notch between the spinous and soft-rayed portion of the dorsal fin shallow. Color is generally silver-mauve to fawn above, white below. Small specimens with numerous spots aligned horizontally or fused into horizontal lines; large specimens plain or with scattered charcoal scale spots on back and upper sides; the snout is dark brown; the upper operculum charcoal or purplish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573 , 48635 ). Enters freshwaters (4867). Marketed fresh, may be salted (Ref. 5284 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

McKay, R.J. , 1984. Haemulidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 2. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3412 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 20 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.2 - 28.5, mean 27.4 (based on 853 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01161 - 0.01799), b=2.97 (2.93 - 3.01), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.2-0.5; tmax=19). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Santos, Kristine Fish Forum
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