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Pluteus cervinus P. Kumm.
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Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

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Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Pluteus cervinus
Pluteus cervinus
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Pluteus cervinus

Pluteus cervinus
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Pluteus cervinus

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Betulaceae  Alnus tenuifolia @ BPI (1)
Casuarinaceae  Casuarina sp @ BPI (1)
Fabaceae  Robinia pseudoacacia @ BPI (1)
Fagaceae  Fagus sp @ BPI (2)
Lauraceae  Umbellularia californica @ BPI (1)
Pinaceae  Abies concolor @ BPI (1)
Salicaceae  Populus sp @ BPI (2)
Tiliaceae  Tilia sp @ BPI (1)
_  Substrate @ BPI (107)

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California Fungi—Pluteus cervinus Pluteus cervinus
(Photo: © Michael Wood)

Pluteus cervinus (Schaeff.) Kumm.
Der Führer in die Pilz. 99. 1871.

Common Name: deer mushroom

  • Pileus

    Cap 5-13 cm broad, convex, nearly plane in age, umbonate; dark brown to grey-brown, lighter in age; smooth to faintly fibrillose, moist; flesh soft, white; odor of radish.

  • Lamellae

    Gills free, close, white, becoming pinkish to flesh-colored at maturity.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 5-12 cm tall, 0.7-1.7 cm thick, equal to enlarged at base; white to pallid, sometimes with dark fibrils; veil absent.

  • Spores

    Spores 5.0-7.5 x 4-6 µm, smooth, elliptical. Spore print salmon-pink.

  • Habitat

    Solitary to scattered on hardwood and conifer logs, occasionally from buried wood, in sawdust piles or wood chips; fruiting from after the first fall rains through mid-winter.

  • Edibility

    Edible Edible, but taste and texture are mediocre.

  • Comments

    Pluteus cervinus gets its common name, Deer Mushroom, from its dull brown color which blends well with the logs on which it typically fruits. It is recognized by a brown, smooth to faintly fibrillose, moist cap, free, white gills that turn pinkish at maturity, the lack of a ring, and a lignicolous habit. Other Pluteus species that could be confused with the Deer Mushroom include P. magnus and P. atromarginatus . Pluteus magnus is a more compact, stout mushroom with a nearly black, wrinkled cap while P. atromarginatus , as its latin name suggests, can be recognized by its dark gill edges. Some Entoloma species resemble Pluteus cervinus in size and spore color, but all have attached gills and are terrestrial, not lignicolous. A related genus, Volvariella is distinguished by a volva.

  • References

    Arora, D. (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press: Berkeley, CA. 959 p.
    Banerjee, P. & Sundberg, W.J. (1995). The Genus Pluteus Section Pluteus (Pluteaceae, Agaricales) in the Midwestern United States. Mycotaxon 53: 189-246.
    Bas, C., Kyper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C. (1990). Flora Agaricina Neerlandica -- Critical monographs on the families of agarics and boleti occuring in the Netherlands. Volume 2. Pluteaceae, Tricholomataceae. A. A. Balkema: Rotterdam, Netherlands. 137 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F. (1995). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 4: Agarics (2nd Part). Entolomataceae, Pluteaceae, Amanitaceae, Agaricaceae, Coprinaceae, Strophariaceae. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 368 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Gilbertson, R.L. (1974). Fungi That Decay Ponderosa Pine. University of Arizona Press: Tuscon, AZ. 197 p.
    Lindsey, J.P. & Gilbertson, R.L. (1978). Basidiomycetes that Decay Aspen in North America. J. Cramer: Vaduz. 406 p.
    Orton, P.D. (1986). British Fungus Flora: Agarics and Boleti. Vol 4. Pluteaceae: Pluteus & Volvariella . Royal Botanic Garden: Edinburgh, Scotland. 99 p.
    Singer, R. (1956). Contributions Towards a Monograph of the Genus Pluteus . Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 39(2): 145-232.
    Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Wikipedia: Pluteus cervinus (D & CP)
    • Pilzgalerie.de: Pluteus cervinus (D & CP)
    • Arora (1986): p. 255 (D), p. 256 (P)
    • Arora (1991): p. 38 (D & CP)
    • Fischer & Bessette: p. 77 (D & CP)
    • Jordan: p. 201 (D & CP)
    • Lincoff: p. 675 (D), plates 231, 232 (CP)
    • McKenny et al. : p. 119 (D & CP)
    • Miller: sp. 165 (D & CP)
    • Phillips: p. 138 (CP), p. 139 (D)
    • Smith & Weber: sp. 167 (D & CP)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

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