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Pinus radiata D. Don
MONTEREY PINE
Insignis Pine; Radiata Pine; Pinus insignis Douglas ex Loudon

Life   Plantae   Gymnospermae   Pinaceae   Pinus

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Agaricus augustus @ BPI (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia foedans @ BPI (2)

Pestalotia funerea @ BPI (1)

Pestalotia stevensonii @ BPI (1)
Aphelinidae  Coccophagus albicoxa @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (7)
Aphididae  Essigella ( @ AMNH_PBI (6); CSCA_TCN (35)

Essigella @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Rhopalosiphum padi @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Rhopalosiphum rufiabdominale @ AMNH_PBI (5)

Schizolachnus curvispinosus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Schizolachnus piniradiatae @ AMNH_PBI (2); CSCA_TCN (4)

Schizolachnus @ CSCA_TCN (4)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Sphaeropsis ellisii @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis pinastri @ BPI (1)

Sphaeropsis sapinea @ BPI (1)
Clavariaceae  Clavaria cristata @ BPI (1)
Coccidae  Physokermes insignicola @ CSCA_TCN (5)

Toumeyella pinicola @ CSCA_TCN (17)
Coleosporiaceae  Coleosporium carneum @ BPI (1)

Coleosporium elephantopodis @ BPI (6)

Coleosporium madiae @ BPI (30)

Coleosporium solidaginis @ BPI (4)

Coleosporium @ BPI (1)
Coniophoraceae  Coniophora viridis @ BPI (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium giganteum @ BPI (1)
Cronartiaceae  Cronartium cerebroides @ BPI (1)

Cronartium cerebrum @ BPI (9)

Cronartium coleosporioides @ BPI (5)

Cronartium harknessii @ BPI (22)

Cronartium quercus @ BPI (1)

Cronartium quercuum @ BPI (1)

Cronartium strobilinum @ BPI (7)

Peridermium californicum @ BPI (3)

Peridermium cerebroides @ BPI (32)

Peridermium harknessii @ BPI (1)
Curculionidae  Xyleborinus saxeseni @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Dacrymycetaceae  Dacrymyces deliquescens @ BPI (1)

Heterotextus miltinus @ BPI (1)
Diaspididae  Chionaspis pinifoliae @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Dynaspidiotus californicus @ UCR_ENT (2); CSCA_TCN (6)

Fiorinia japonica @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Discinaceae  Hydnotrya ellipsospora @ BPI (1)
Encyrtidae  Metaphycus physokermis @ UCRC_ENT (2)
Exidiaceae  Exidia pinicola @ BPI (1)
Helvellaceae  Helvella lacunosa @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus bicolor @ BPI (1)

Dasyscyphus calyciformis @ BPI (8)
Hymenochaetaceae  Polystictus abietinus @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Gliocladium roseum @ BPI (1)
Hysteriaceae  Glonium tryblidioides @ BPI (1)
Marasmiaceae  Marasmius androsaceus @ BPI (2)

Marasmius siccus @ BPI (1)
Meruliaceae  Merulius ambiguus @ BPI (1)

Merulius confluens @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Pappus usingeri @ AMNH_PBI (9)

Phytocoris radiatae @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (2); AMNH_IZC (1)

Phytocoris stellatus @ AMNH_PBI (30)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Dothistroma pini @ 387566B (1); BPI (2); 387566A (1)

Dothistroma septosporum @ BPI (6)

Lecanosticta acicola @ BPI (1)
Nectriaceae  Nectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Nectria @ BPI (1)

Neonectria fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Ophionectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)
Peniophoraceae  Peniophora cinerea @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium @ BPI (2)
Polyporaceae  Cryptoporus volvatus @ BPI (2)

Fomes officinalis @ BPI (1)

Hirschioporus abietinus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus abietinus @ BPI (5)

Polyporus circinatus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus fragilis @ BPI (1)

Polyporus schweinitzii @ BPI (2)

Polyporus triqueter @ BPI (1)

Polyporus volvatus @ BPI (4)

Poria calcea @ BPI (1)

Poria lenis @ BPI (2)

Poria sinuosa @ BPI (2)

Poria versipora @ 244731B (1); 244731A (1); BPI (1)

Poria xantha @ BPI (2)

Poria @ BPI (2)
Pseudococcidae  Crisicoccus pini @ CSCA_TCN (16)

Dysmicoccus aciculus @ CSCA_TCN (3)

Dysmicoccus pinicolus @ CSCA_TCN (20)

Pseudococcus longispinus @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Pseudococcus viburni @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Puto cupressi @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla curta @ CSCA_TCN (7)
Ramariaceae  Ramaria flaccida @ BPI (1)
Reduviidae  Rhynocoris @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Rhizinaceae  Rhizina undulata @ BPI (1)
Rhytismataceae  Hypoderma pedatum @ BPI (2)

Hypodermella limitata @ BPI (8)

Hypodermella montivaga @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium pinastri @ BPI (11)

Lophodermium @ BPI (1)

Naemacyclus niveus @ BPI (3)
Russulaceae  Russula californinensis @ BPI (1)
Serpulidae  Serpula pinastri @ BPI (1)
Sparassidaceae  Sparassis crispa @ BPI (2)

Sparassis radicata @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex @ BPI (2)
Stereaceae  Stereum hirsutum @ BPI (1)

Stereum purpureum @ BPI (1)

Stereum sanguinolentum @ BPI (2)

Stereum umbrinum @ BPI (2)
Strophariaceae  Pholiota lenta @ BPI (1)
Suillaceae  Suillus subacerbus @ BPI (1)
Thelephoraceae  Thelephora fimbriata @ BPI (1)

Thelephora laciniata @ BPI (1)

Tomentella castanea @ BPI (1)
Tricholomataceae  Mycena pura @ BPI (1)

Tricholoma terreum @ BPI (1)
Tuberaceae  Tuber @ BPI (1)
Venturiaceae  Venturia barbula @ BPI (1)
_  Nematoloma fasciculare @ BPI (1)

Pellicularia vaga @ BPI (1)

Sclerophoma pithyophila @ BPI (1)

Scoleconectria scolecospora @ BPI (1)

Zygodesmus marginatus @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (14)

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36. Pinus radiata D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 17: 442. 1836.

Monterey pine

Pinus insignis Douglas ex Loudon

Trees to 30m; trunk to 0.9m diam., contorted to straight; crown broadly conic, becoming rounded to flattened. Bark gray, deeply V-furrowed, furrow bases red, ridges irregularly elongate-rectangular, their flattened surfaces scaly. Branches level to downcurved or ascending, poorly self-pruning; twigs slender, red-brown, sometimes glaucous, aging gray, rough. Buds ovoid to ovoid-cylindric, red-brown, ca. 1.5cm, resinous. Leaves (2--)3 in a fascicle, spreading-ascending, persisting 3--4 years, (8--)9--15(--20)cm ´ 1.3--1.8(--2)mm, straight, slightly twisted, deep yellow-green, all surfaces with fine stomatal lines, margins serrulate, apex conic-subulate; sheath (1--)1.5--2cm, base persistent. Pollen cones ellipsoid-cylindric, 10--15mm, orange-brown. Seed cones maturing in 2 years, shedding seeds soon thereafter, but often serotinous and persistent 6--20 years, solitary to whorled, spreading to recurved, curved, very asymmetric, ovoid before opening, broadly ovoid when open, 7--14cm, pale red-brown and lustrous, scales rigid, stalks to 1cm; apophyses toward outer cone base increasingly mammillate, those on inward cone side and middle and apex of cone more level; umbo central, mostly depressed, with small central boss or occasionally with slender, deciduous prickle. Seeds compressed-ellipsoid; body ca. 6mm, dark brown; wing 20--30mm. 2 n =24.

Coastal fog belt; of conservation concern; 30--400m; Calif.; Mexico in Baja California [600--1200 m].

Pinus radiata has an extremely narrow natural range: three coastal areas in California (one in San Mateo and Santa Cruz counties, one in Monterey County, and one in San Luis Obispo County) and off the coast of Baja California, Mexico (Guadalupe Island and debatably also on Cedros Island). Some natural populations of the species are under protection. Along the California coast it has escaped from cultivation, and from there into southern coastal Oregon it shows signs of naturalizing.

Pinus radiata is a much better-formed tree and of greater silvicultural value within its introduced range (Africa, Australia, Europe, and New Zealand, where it is a principal timber tree) than in its native range. It hybridizes naturally with P . attenuata ( P . ´ attenuiradiata Stockwell & Righter).

Updated: 2021-03-06 12:07:11 gmt
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