New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Botany Bay, NSW (33°59'S) to Rottnest Island, WA (32°S) and TAS; temperate.
Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott
, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 13.9 - 18.2, mean 15.7 (based on 166 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 1.0001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.0 ±0.35 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Agustin, Liza Q.
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