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Parapterois heterura (Bleeker, 1856)
BLACKFOOT FIREFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Scorpaenidae   Parapterois


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Scorpaeniformes  
 Family Scorpaenidae  
 Genus Parapterois  
  Parapterois heterura    (Bleeker, 1856) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms: Parapterois heterurus Pterois heterurus Pterois nigripinnis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993)
Name Code: 382854
   Marine     
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapterois&speciesname=heterura ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapterois&speciesname=heterura
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Parapterois&speciesname=heterura ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Parapterois-heterura.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Parapterois heterura (Bleeker , 1856)

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Parapterois heterura   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Scorpaenidae (Scorpionfishes or rockfishes) > Pteroinae
Etymology: Parapterois: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, pterois, derived from pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Bleeker .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 40 - 300 m (Ref. 4313 ).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Natal, South Africa to southern Japan (Ref. 4313 ). Two populations apparently exists, the Western Pacific and SE African coast (Ref. 54479 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 38.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines : 2; Anal soft rays : 7 - 8. Long filaments at the tips of the dorsal fin spines and outer rays of the caudal fin (Ref. 48635 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Usually found in sheltered coastal bays and fine sand or muddy habitats. May partly bury itself in the substrate during the day and is easily overlooked. When disturbed, the brightly colored pectoral fins probably serves to startle predators. The large fins serve primarily to corner prey when hunting (Ref. 48635 ). Trawled on soft bottom in coastal waters (Ref. 4313 ), to 300 m depth (Ref. 48635 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eschmeyer, W.N. , 1986. Scorpaenidae. p. 463-478. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4313 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 18 July 2017

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 4313 )




Human uses

Aquarium: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 14.9 - 26.8, mean 22 (based on 553 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00417 - 0.02512), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.9   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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