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Orthopristis lethopristis Jordan and Fesler, 1889
SCALYFIN GRUNT
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Haemulidae   Orthopristis

Orthopristis lethopristis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Orthopristis lethopristis

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Orthopristis lethopristis
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Orthopristis lethopristis
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Overview
Main identification features
  • forehead rounded
  • d: 12
  • c: forked
  • preopercle: margin concave, smooth
  • pectoral: long, curved, axil dark
  • anal fin has 9-11 rays; spines short, 2nd less than 3rd
Elongate (body depth 33% of standard length), strongly compressed; smoothly curved head profile; mouth short, ends before eye; chin with 2 front pores and 2 rear pores in central hole; body scales without small accessory scales; dorsal XII,12, 3rd spine highest; preopercle margin smooth, slightly concave at rear; pectoral long, curved and pointed; anal long base, rays III, 9-11, 2nd spine shorter than 3rd; tail deeply forked; lateral line with 65 scales; 8 scale rows between lateral line and dorsal origin; soft dorsal and anal with small scales between rays.

Silvery grey; orange spots in scale centers give dark lines along scale rows, oblique above lateral line, horizontal below; fins dusky; opercular margin and inner base of pectoral fin black.

Size: 38 cm.

Habitat: demersal on soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-30 m?.

Endemic to the Galapagos.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 5 m.
Diet: mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=2; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=4; Longitudinal range=3.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 38 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s) only; Island (s); TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Galapagos Islands endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Fesler, B., 1889., Description of a new species of Orthopristis from the Galapagos Islands., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 41:36-37.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Orthopristis&speciesname=lethopristis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Orthopristis&speciesname=lethopristis
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Orthopristis&speciesname=lethopristis ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Orthopristis-lethopristis.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Orthopristis lethopristis Jordan & Fesler , 1889

Scalyfin grunt Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Orthopristis lethopristis (Scalyfin grunt) Orthopristis lethopristis
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Orthopristis: Greek, ortho = straight + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Jordan & Fesler .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: endemic to the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28023 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Silver-grey, each scale with a dark spot, forming dense streaks along back and sides; above lateral line, streaks extend upward and backward at an angle that decreases posteriorly, those on caudal peduncle horizontal, those below lateral line less distinct, straight and horizontal; fins dusky; opercular margin and axil nearly black (Ref. 28023 ). Row of scales behind each ray of the soft dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 28023 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Grove, J.S. and R.J. Lavenberg , 1997. The fishes of the Galápagos Islands. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 863 p. (Ref. 28023 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 25 May 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00656 - 0.02907), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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