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Orthopristis forbesi Jordan and Starks, 1897
FORBES GRUNT
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Haemulidae   Orthopristis

Orthopristis forbesi
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Orthopristis forbesi

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Orthopristis forbesi
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Orthopristis forbesi
Orthopristis forbesi
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Orthopristis forbesi
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Overview
Main identification features
  • elongate
  • d: 15
  • c: forked
  • preoperculum: rear border straight, smooth
  • a: 11; spines long, 2nd = 3rd
Forbe's grunt

Preopercle margin finely straight; dorsal rays XII, 15; anal rays III, 11, spines long, with second = third; tail forted; lateral-line scales 80-85; gill rakers on lower limb of first arch 13-14; body slender, depth 2.8-3.0 in standard length; dorsal and anal fins scaleless.

Silvery grey, sometimes with narrow orange stripes corresponding with scale rows on sides; opercular membrane blackish.

Size: attains at least 36 cm.

Habitat: forms schools in sandy areas near rocky reefs.

Depth: 3-30 m.

Galapagos Islands.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 30 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs).
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=2; Southern limit=-2; Western limit=-93; Eastern limit=-90; Latitudinal range=4; Longitudinal range=3.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 36 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Island (s) only; TEP endemic; TEP oceanic island (s) endemic; Galapagos Islands endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Near Bottom; Bottom + water column;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fari˝a, J.M., Calvopi˝a, M. and MartÝnez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1897., Descriptions of twenty-two new species of fishes collected by the steamer Albatross, of the United States Fish Commission., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 19:437-457.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Orthopristis&speciesname=forbesi ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Orthopristis-forbesi.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Orthopristis-forbesi.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Orthopristis-forbesi.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Orthopristis forbesi Jordan & Starks , 1897

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Orthopristis forbesi   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Orthopristis forbesi Orthopristis forbesi
Picture by Allen, G.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Orthopristis: Greek, ortho = straight + Greek, pristis = saw (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Jordan & Starks .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 5227 ), usually 3 - 12 m (Ref. 5227 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southeast Pacific: endemic to the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5227 )

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Forms schools above rocky, boulder strewn reefs, slopes and hard substrate with good water movement. May mingle with yellowtail grunts and golden-eyed grunts (Ref. 5227 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson , 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 25 May 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 23.5 - 23.9, mean 23.7 (based on 15 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01380 (0.00656 - 0.02907), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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