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Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus, 1758)
COMMON EAGLE RAY
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Myliobatidae   Myliobatis


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Myliobatis aquila (Linnaeus , 1758)

Common eagle ray Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
Reviewed map
Myliobatis aquila   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Videos |     Google image Image of Myliobatis aquila (Common eagle ray) Myliobatis aquila
Picture by Murch, A.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Myliobatidae (Eagle and manta rays) > Myliobatinae
Etymology: Myliobatis: Greek, mylo = mill + Greek, + Greek, batis,-idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Linnaeus .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 300 m (Ref. 4440 ).   Subtropical; 60°N - 36°S, 32°W - 58°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Madeira, Morocco and the Canary Islands north to the western coasts of Ireland and British Isles and the southwestern North Sea, south to Natal, South Africa. Also throughout the Mediterranean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 4440 ); max. published weight: 14.5 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

A plain eagleray with a short, rounded snout; disc with broadly angular corners, and upper or lower jaw usually with 7 rows of plate-like teeth (Ref. 5578 ). Brown or blackish dorsally, white ventrally (Ref. 5578 ). No caudal fin (Ref. 5578 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in shallow lagoons (Ref. 3965 ), bays and estuaries; also offshore down to at least 95 m (Ref. 5578 ). Often found in groups (Ref. 5578 ). Feeds on benthic crustaceans, mollusks and fish. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Gestation period of 6-8 months, the females give birth to 3-7 young (Ref. 35388 ). Caught by shore and ski-boat anglers, usually released after capture (Ref. 5578 ). Flesh is highly esteemed (Ref. 3965 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : McEachran, John | Collaborators

McEachran, J.D. and B. Séret , 1990. Myliobatididae. p. 67-70. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4440 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Data deficient (DD)  ; Date assessed: 20 July 2005

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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References
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Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 11.7 - 19.8, mean 15.2 (based on 318 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5002   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00119 - 0.01213), b=3.08 (2.82 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.6   ±0.54 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   High .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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