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Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner, 1867)
Cuvier's Lantern-fish; Scopelus cuvieri Castelnau, 1873; Scopelus spinosus Steindachner, 1867; Spiny Lantern Fish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Myctophidae   Myctophum

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/63f41177-72cf-49cc-bf16-bb865e08c6d1 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/63f41177-72cf-49cc-bf16-bb865e08c6d1
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » SCOPELOMORPHA (Superorder) » MYCTOPHIFORMES (Order) » MYCTOPHIDAE (Family) » Myctophum Rafinesque, 1810 (Genus) » Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner, 1867)

Species Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner, 1867)


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External Links

CAAB : 37122101 Taxon concept Myctophum_spinosum last modified 2010-07-27 10:07:22.682

Species Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner, 1867)

Spiny Lanternfish , Cuvier's Lantern-fish


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy





Extra Distribution Information

Off Cape Weymouth, QLD (12º39–47´S); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


Lord Howe Province (14), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Cape Province (20)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Lord Howe Island
    • Queensland: NE oceanic

Ecological Descriptors



General References

McCulloch, A.R. 1930. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5 (1–4): 1-534 [81] (as Dasyscopelus cuvieri )

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [38] (267, as M. cuvieri )

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89 (1): 11-127 [37] (448)


Common Name References

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20 : 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [38] (Cuvier's Lantern-fish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Spiny Lanternfish )


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Feb-2010 (import)

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Last modified: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 10:07:22 AM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Myctophiformes  
 Family Myctophidae  
 Genus Myctophum  
  Myctophum spinosum    (Steindachner, 1867) 
Provider: Ming-Chi Wang 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Myctophum spinosus Scopelus cuvieri Scopelus spinosus   details
Citation: A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001) 中國動物誌-燈籠魚目(陳等, 2002)
Character: D. 12-13; A. 18-19; P. 15; AO 7 +6-8, total 13-15; G.R. 6 + 1 +13-15, total 20-23 Mouth oblique; maxillary expanded posteriorly. Eye very large. Upper posterior opercular margin serrate. Origin of dorsal fin over base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind end of base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending to about middle of distance between VLO and SAO2. Ventral fins not reaching VO4. Base of adipost fin in advance of end of base of anal fin. Scales ctenoid, those of lateral line enlarged. Dn and Vn present. Op1 close behind posterior end of premaxillary; Op2 below level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO about 2 times its diameter anterodorsal to upper end of base of pectoral fin. PVO1 above PO2; PVO2 at lower end of base of pectoral finand slightly in advance of PO3. Five PO, PO3-PO4 interspace shortest; PO5 elevated. VLO behind base of ventral fin and midway between it and lateral line. Four VO; VO1 markedly nearer to midevntral line than rest of organs of same series. SAO almost on a straight line; SAO1 behind of VO3; SAO2 nearer to SAO1 than to SAO3 which is somewhat in advance of vertical through origin of anal fin and immediately below lateral line. AOa forming a slightly curved line. Pol directly over and slightly in front of last AOa, well in advance of vertical through anterior end of base of adipose fin and immediately below lateral line. AOp1 over base of anal fin. Prc2 higher than Prc1 but still nearer to bases of ventral procurrent caudal rays than to lateral line; the two organs are a little more than one photophores diameter apart from each other. Males have 6 luminous scales in the SUGL, and females have 1 to 4 smaller luminous scales in thee INGL. 
Habitat: High-oceanic and mesopelagic; nyctoepipelagic at the surface. 
Distribution: Off eastern Taiwan; the tropical waters of the Pacific, Indo-Pacific, Indian, and possibly Atlantic Oceans. 
Name Code: 381222
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myctophum&speciesname=spinosum ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myctophum&speciesname=spinosum
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Myctophum&speciesname=spinosum ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Myctophum-spinosum.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner , 1867)

Spiny lantern fish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myctophum spinosum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Myctophum spinosum (Spiny lantern fish) Myctophum spinosum
Picture by SFSA

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes (Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae (Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Myctophum: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Steindachner .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 700 m (Ref. 86942 ).   Deep-water; 42°N - 52°S, 79°W - 153°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and subtropical waters. South China Sea (Ref.74511).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4066 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 18 - 19. Anal organs 13-15; males with 6 luminous scales in the supracaudal gland, and females with 1-4 smaller scales in the infracaudal gland; ctenoid scales on the anal fin base with 1-2 posteriorly-directed spines, and posterolateral organ is well in advance of origin of adipose fin base, which separate M. spinosus from other species of the genus (Ref. 39633 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Neustonic (Ref. 58302 ). High-oceanic and mesopelagic; nyctoepipelagic at the surface.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Paxton, John | Collaborators

Hulley, P.A. , 1986. Myctophidae. p. 282-321. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4066 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 11.8 - 26.3, mean 18.7 (based on 765 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.49 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .

Entered by Torres, Armi G. Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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