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Mustelus henlei (Gill, 1863)
BROWN SMOOTH-HOUND
Brown Smoothhound

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Triakidae   Mustelus

Mustelus henlei
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Mustelus henlei

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Mustelus henlei
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Mustelus henlei
Mustelus henlei
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Mustelus henlei

Mustelus henlei
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Mustelus henlei
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • lip folds: upper greater than lowerspiracle smallnostrils short
  • 1st dorsal fin triangular
  • 1st dorsal fin and 2nd dorsal fin : rear fibrous, dark
  • teeth pointed
  • skin denticles: 3 pointed
  • c: no lower extension
Elongate, slender body; snout pointed, short; eyes horizontal ovals, with ventral nictitating membranes; width between eyes = 3.9-5.6% of total length; mouth angular, short; upper lip fold distinctly longer than lower lip fold; teeth high, triangular, pointed; 5 gill slits, last 2 over pectoral fin base; 2 large dorsal fins, second slightly smaller than first; first dorsal broadly triangular, nearer pelvic than pectoral; distance between dorsal fins = 19-24% of total length; anal fin smaller than and with origin under middle of second dorsal; dorsal fins, and sometimes anal and tail, with fibrous rear edges; tail strongly asymmetrical,lower tail lobe not expanded, not with concave rear edge; skin denticles on flank with 3 points, canal along entire center.

Copper brown above, white below; fibrous rear edges to dorsal, anal and tail fins dark.

Size: 100 cm.

Habitat: continental shelf, demersal, especially enclosed bays and shallow muddy bottoms.

Depth: 0-281 m.

Temperate eastern Pacific; California to Baja and the Gulf of California; southern Colombia to Peru.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo); South Temperate (Peruvian Province ); Antitropical (North and South temperate).
Depth Range Max: 281 m.
Depth Range Min: 0 m.
Diet: bony fishes; mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); octopus/squid/cuttlefish; sponges/seasquirts/bryozoa.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=40; Southern limit=-7; Western limit=-124; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=47; Longitudinal range=46.
Egg Type: Live birth; No pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: TEP non-endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Mud; Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 100 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily; Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; California + Peruvian provinces, primarily; Continent only; All species.
Residency: Vagrant.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2. Carcharhiniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(2):251-655.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gill, T.N., 1863., On the classification of the families and genera of the Squali of California., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 14:483-501.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Pérez Jiménez, J.C., Sosa Nishizaki, O., Castillo Geniz, J.L., 2005., A new Eastern North Pacific smoothhound shark (Genus Mustelus, Family Triakidae) from the Gulf of California., Copeia, 2005:834-845.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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