Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes, 1831)
  Fish   Mullidae   Mulloidichthys

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis

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Main identification features
  • yellow stripe
  • yellow tail fin
  • gill rakers: 33
  • pectoral: 17 rays

Dorsal fin VIII + I, 8 (first dorsal spine minute, often imbedded); anal rays I-II, 6; pectoral rays 16-17 (usually 17), fin length 19.2-23.2% (average 21.1%) of standard length; barbel length 20-26% (average 22.9%) of standard length; gill rakers 31-36 (average 33); lateral line scales 36-42.

Body silvery white with a blue-edged yellow stripe along its center; tail and other median fins yellow.

Size: reaches 31 cm.

Habitat: rocky and Coral reefs and adjacent sand areas.

Depth: 2-115 m.

Widespread throughout the Indo-central Pacific. While it was not thought to occur in the tropical eastern Pacific its occurrence there was demonstrated by genetic analysis. Very similar to M. dentatus, but differs in having more pectoral fin rays, a slightly longer pectoral fin, slightly longer barbels and more gill rakers. These differences are so slight that in practice it is probably not possible to separate all individals of the two species when they are together at the same location.

Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 115 m.
Depth Range Min: 2 m.
Diet: mobile benthic worms; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves; bony fishes.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=24; Southern limit=8; Western limit=-110; Eastern limit=-82; Latitudinal range=16; Longitudinal range=28.
Egg Type: Pelagic; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore.
FishBase Habitat: Reef Associated.
Global Endemism: All Pacific (West + Central + East); Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans); TEP non-endemic; "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific); All species.
Habitat: Corals; Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom); Rocks; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Sand & gravel; Reef (rock &/or coral); Reef and soft bottom.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 31 cm.
Regional Endemism: Island (s); Continent; Continent + Island (s); Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic; Eastern Pacific non-endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;

Scientific source:

Links to other sites

  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1831., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome septime. Livre septime. Des Squamipennes. Livre huitime. Des poissons pharyngiens labyrinthiformes., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 7:1-531.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Stefien , C. A. , Randall , J. E. and Rosenblatt, R. H., 1994., Genetic and morphological divergence of a circumtropical complex of goatfishes: Mulloidichthys vanicolensis, M. dentatus, and M. martinicus., Pac. Sci., 48:44-56.


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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Perciformes  
 Family Mullidae  
 Genus Mulloidichthys  
  Mulloidichthys vanicolensis    (Valenciennes, 1831) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Mulloides auriflamma Mulloides erythrinus Mulloides vanicolensis Mulloidichtys vanicolensis Pseudopeneus vanicolensis Pseudupeneus vanicolensis Upeneus vanicolensis   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985); The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.5(FAO, 2001)
Character: Body moderately elongate, and moderately compressed. Chin with a pair of slender barbels which reach posterior to rear margin of preopercle; snout not long; mouth small, maxilla not reaching front edge of eye; villiform teeth in a band in jaws; no teeth on roof of mouth. First gill arch with 8 to 10 gill rakers on upper limb, 23 to 26 on lower limb (total 32 to 36). Two well-separated dorsal fins, the first with VIII slender spines, and the second with 9 soft rays; anal fin with I spine and 7 soft rays; pectoral-fin rays 16 to 18. Lateral-line scales 33 to 36; 5 rows of scales between dorsal fins, and 11 or 12 rows along upper part of caudal peduncle. Body whitish to pink with a yellow stripe edged in pale blue on body at level of upper end of gill opening; no black spot within yellow stripe; barbels white to yellowish; fins yellow. 
Habitat: This occasionally schooling species inhabits sandy bottoms of reef flats, lagoons, and seaward reefs. In large inactive aggregations by day, dispersing to sand flats to feed at night. Sometimes mixes with blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira and shows bl 
Distribution: Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Tuamoto Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island; throughout Micronesia. It is a common species in Taiwan, especially in southern part. 
Utility: Marketed fresh. 
Name Code: 382165
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)  
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Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0347 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis
ID: 4444 4444 1106 0412 [detail]
© 2006 Moorea Biocode

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