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Melanocetus murrayi Günther, 1887
DEEPSEA BLACKDEVIL
Black Deep-sea Angler; Murrays Abyssal Anglerfish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Melanocetidae   Melanocetus


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a302ba8e-281a-4690-b323-33a1d7893b47 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a302ba8e-281a-4690-b323-33a1d7893b47
https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/a302ba8e-281a-4690-b323-33a1d7893b47 ---> http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0be39188-e446-4d03-ae9d-a8572a14c98d;jsessionid=7763CC1A4CE5175E1B7515D936D90CEC
http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0be39188-e446-4d03-ae9d-a8572a14c98d;jsessionid=7763CC1A4CE5175E1B7515D936D90CEC ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/0be39188-e446-4d03-ae9d-a8572a14c98d;jsessionid=7763CC1A4CE5175E1B7515D936D90CEC
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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Melanocetidae  
 Genus Melanocetus  
  Melanocetus murrayi    Günther, 1887 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Melanocetus niger Melanocetus tumidus Melanocetus vorax Rhynchoceratias acanthirostris Rhynchoceratias latirhinus Rhynchoceratias longipinnis Rhynchoceratis latirhinus Xenoceratias acanthirostris Xenoceratias latirhinus Xenoceratias longipinnis Xenoceratias regani   details
Citation: 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文; Fish of Japan(Nakabo, 2002); Fishbase(2003)
Character: Females with body short, globular; mouth large, cleft extending past eye, oblique or vertical; eye small; illicium short; esca simple, with conical distal end but no crest; anterior margin of vomer very concave; skin covered with tiny close-set dermal spinules, appearing naked; upper and lower jaws with numerous slender, recurved and depressible teeth; vomerine teeth present; dark brown to black over entire surface of head, body, fins, and oral cavity; sphenotic spines absent. D10-13; P 14-16; A 4; C 9. Upper jaw teeth 37-56, lower jaw teeth 46-122. Measurement in % SL: illicium length 34.5, escal width 3.9%, head length 27.6, head depth 45.7, premaxillary length 34.5, lower jaws 34.5, the narrowest distance between front 13.8%. 
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous, larvae habits in the upper, food-rich 
Distribution: Wistly distributed in the tropical to temperate of all oceans. It is a common species in Taiwan occurring in northeast off Yilan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381162
  
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase  
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Melanocetus&speciesname=murrayi ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Melanocetus&speciesname=murrayi
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Melanocetus&speciesname=murrayi ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Melanocetus-murrayi.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Melanocetus murrayi Günther , 1887

Murray's abyssal anglerfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Melanocetidae (Black Seadevils)
Etymology: Melanocetus: Greek, 'melas' or 'melanos' = black + Greek, 'ketos' = any large sea creature, more often referring to a whale (Ref. 86949 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 100 - 6370 m (Ref. 58302 ), usually 1000 - 2500 m (Ref. 58302 ).   Deep-water; 65°N - 60°S, 180°W - 180°E

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Tropical to temperate parts of all oceans.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4491 ); 12.0 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal soft rays : 4. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: deeply concave anterior margin of vomer, least outside width between frontals 9.1-17.8% SL; upper jaw with 34-178 teeth, lower jaw 46-142 teeth; length of longest tooth in lower jaw 7.7-16.7% SL; width of pectoral fin lobe 6.1-8.9% SL; width of escal bulb 1.9-5.1% SL; length of illicium 23.1-37.2% SL; esca with minute crests or absent; skin with minute spinules restricted to caudal peduncle; relatively thin integument 0.48 mm (Ref. 86949 ). Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed male: upper denticular with 9-12 ventrally directed anterior teeth and posteromedial series of 3-5 teeth; lower denticular 10-13 teeth; posterior nostril contiguous with eye; 12-14 olfactory lamellae; skin naked or with few scattered dermal spinules (Ref. 86949 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Meso- (Ref. 58302 ) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302 , 75154 ). Males dwarfed, non-parasitic (Ref. 4491 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bertelsen, E. , 1990. Melanocetidae. p. 492-493. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4491 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 09 May 2013

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 1.8 - 4.5, mean 2.7 (based on 3601 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.8   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  . Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Ortañez, Auda Kareen Fish Forum
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