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Lunaria annua L.
HONESTY
Annual honesty

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Lunaria

Lunaria annua, Honesty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Lunaria annua, Honesty

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Lunaria annua, Honesty
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Lunaria annua, Honesty
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua
Lunaria annua
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Lunaria annua

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (1)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Septoria lunariae @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Pleospora herbarum @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Lunaria annua L. Annual Honesty
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Lunaria annua
Choptank Mills
May 2004 Lunaria annua
Killens Pond State Park
May 2013 Lunaria annua
New Linden Hill Road
September 2009

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Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 224, 593 , 596, 597 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Lunaria

1. Lunaria annua Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 653. 1753.

Bolbonac, silver-dollar, penny-flower

Lunaria biennis Moench; L. inodora Lamarck

Plants sparsely to densely hispid, glabrous, or glabrate. Stems (3-)4-10(-12) dm, pubescent or, rarely, glabrate. Basal leaves: petiole (1.5-)3-10(-17) cm; blade broadly cordate to narrowly cordate-ovate, (1.5-) 3-12(-18) × (1-)2-8(-12) cm, base cordate, often pubescent. Cauline leaves similar to basal, petiole shorter (distal sessile); blade (proximal opposite, distal alternate), smaller distally. Fruiting pedicels (7-)10-15 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers: sepals (5-)6-9 (-10) × 1-2 mm; petals (15-)17-25(-30) × 5-10 mm, claw 5-10 mm; filaments 5-8 mm; anthers oblong, 2-3 mm; gynophore relatively slender, 7-18 mm. Fruits 3-4.5(-5) × 2-3(-3.5) cm, strongly latiseptate; valves each rounded basally and apically; replum glabrous or sparsely ciliate; style 4-10 mm. Seeds grayish brown, (6-)7-10(-12) × 5-9 mm. 2 n = 30.

Flowering Apr-Jun. Roadsides, waste grounds, railroad embankments, thickets, woods, pasture margins; 0-1000 m; introduced; B.C., Man., N.S., Ont., Que.; Calif., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ind., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., N.Y., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., Utah, Vt., Wash.; Europe; introduced also in South America (Argentina).

Lunaria annua is cultivated for its attractive flowers but especially for the infructescences, which are used in dry bouquets after removal of the fruit valves and seeds.

Updated: 2020-11-30 15:53:22 gmt
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