- Native to Europe but introduced on nearly every continent.
- This species is becoming quite widespread in Missouri. It has been cultivated for cattle fodder because it does well in very poor soils and has a high protein content.
As seen in the pictures above, the flowers of
are quite striking and the plant does well in cultivation.
Photographs taken off River Rd., Platte County, MO., 6-11-00, and off Hwy 13 near Springfield, MO., 7-5-03.
Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989.
Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species
. Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI).
This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of
Weeds of the U.S.
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