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Lophodolos indicus Lloyd, 1909
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Oneirodidae   Lophodolos

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Lophiiformes  
 Family Oneirodidae  
 Genus Lophodolos  
  Lophodolos indicus    Lloyd, 1909 
Provider: Hsuan-Ching Ho 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Lophodolus dinema   details
Citation: 何宣慶(2002)碩士論文; Fishbase(2003)
Character: Dorsal fin rays 7; ana fin rays 6; pectoral fin rays 20, caudal fin rays 8. Illicium length 81 in %SL; head length 34.9; head depth 39.6; premaxilla 33.2; lower jaw length 45.5. Body relatively long, slender, not globular; jaws equal anteriorly; lower jaw with well-develop symphysial spine; snout short; mouth large, cleft extending past eye; vomerine teeth absent; anterior end of pterygiophpre of illicium exposed and emerged from between sphenotic spine or further posterior; illicium relative long; esal bulb relative small; escal appendages relative short; sphenotic spine short; quadrate spine short.articular spine present; quardrate spine larger than mandibular spine; angler spine present; operculum bifurcate; suboperculum slender throughout length, upper end tapering to a point, lower rounded; skin naked, covering caudal fin to some distance from fin base.  
Habitat: Marine. First dorsal spine of female highly modified into a long rod with a light organ in the tip call illicium and esca, the esca containing bacteria as luminous symbiont, its function in attracting prey. Oviparous. Adults are meso- and bathypelagic in  
Distribution: Widely distributed in the tropical parts of all oceans. It is rare in Taiwan, only recorded from the Northeastern off Yilan. 
Utility: No commercial value. 
Name Code: 381173
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lophodolos&speciesname=indicus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lophodolos&speciesname=indicus
https://www.fishbase.se/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lophodolos&speciesname=indicus ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Lophodolos-indicus.html

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Lophodolos indicus Lloyd , 1909

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Pictures | Google image Image of Lophodolos indicus Lophodolos indicus
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae (Dreamers)
Etymology: Lophodolos: Greek, 'lopho' or 'lophio' = mane, crest or tuft + Greek, 'dolos' = artifice, deceit or guile (describing a deceitful little fish that beguiles its prey with a baited illicium) (Ref. 86949 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 750 - 1625 m (Ref. 26282 ).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Tropical parts of all oceans.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-8; Anal soft rays : 5 - 7. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: length of illicium greater than 25% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; escal bulb width 2.1-4.0% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger; short escal appendages, length 1.2-5.0% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger, 4.2-10.5% SL in specimens less than 25mm; short sphenotic spine, length 1.9-6.0% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; short quadrate spine, length 1.6-5.0% SL in specimens 30mm and larger (Ref. 86949 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Bertelsen, E. , 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 04 February 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 2 - 4.6, mean 3.9 (based on 75 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.7   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .

Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei Fish Forum
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