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Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus Castro-Aguirre and Villavicencio-Garayzar, 1988
LONGTAILED JAWFISH
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Opistognathidae   Lonchopisthus

Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus

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Overview
Main identification features
  • tan + blue spots;operculum: violet blotch
  • median fins violet
  • c: greater than greater than head, pointed
Dorsal rays XI, 18 (occasionally 17 or 19); anal rays III, 17 (rarely 18); pectoral rays 16-20; scales in longitudinal series 67-74; tail fin much longer than head length, with long central point; rear end of rear top jaw bone bluntly notched.

Head and body tan or cream-colored with scattered pale blue spots; a larger intense bluish-violet spot on opercle; median fins violet.

Size: grows to about 30 cm.

Habitat: most specimens have been caught by trawls on flat sandy bottoms.

Depth: 3-15 m.

Gulf of California to Ecuador.

Closely related to L. higmani of the west Atlantic.


Attributes
Abundance: Common.
Cites: Not listed.
Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California); Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap); Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos); Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo).
Depth Range Max: 15 m.
Depth Range Min: 3 m.
Diet: zooplankton; pelagic fish larvae; mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs); mobile benthic worms; octopus/squid/cuttlefish.
Eastern Pacific Range: Northern limit=31; Southern limit=-3; Western limit=-115; Eastern limit=-78; Latitudinal range=34; Longitudinal range=37.
Egg Type: Brooded; Pelagic larva.
Feeding Group: Carnivore; Planktivore.
FishBase Habitat: Demersal.
Global Endemism: Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) endemic; East Pacific endemic; All species.
Habitat: Sand & gravel; Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove); Soft bottom only.
Inshore Offshore: Inshore; Inshore Only.
IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed.
Length Max: 30 cm.
Regional Endemism: Continent; Continent only; TEP endemic; Continental TEP endemic; 3 provinces (Cortez + Mexican + Panamic) endemic; All species.
Residency: Resident.
Salinity: Marine; Marine Only.
Water Column Position: Bottom; Bottom only;


Names
Scientific source:

Links to other sites

References
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J.L. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 1988., Una nueva especie de Lonchopisthus (Pisces: Perciformes: Opistognathidae) del Golfo de California, Mexico., Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas de Mexico, 32(1-4):109-115.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus Castro-Aguirre & Villavicencio-Garayzar , 1988

Longtailed jawfish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus (Longtailed jawfish) Lonchopisthus sinuscalifornicus
Picture by Béarez, P.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Opistognathidae (Jawfishes)
Etymology: Lonchopisthus: Greek, logche = lance + Greek, opisthe = behind (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 40 m (Ref. 55763 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11482 ); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 17 - 18. Body somewhat elongated, narrowing posteriorly; head and mouth large; caudal fin lanceolate and much longer than total length of head; head and body cinnamon or cream with diffuse bluish spots. Operculum with an intense blue spot; median fins violet (Ref. 55763 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Most specimens taken from flat sandy bottoms. Feeds on benthic and planktonic invertebrates.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson , 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 24 May 2007

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 21.7 - 28.2, mean 25.6 (based on 28 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.41 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  . Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .

Entered by Garilao, Cristina V. Modified by Busson, Frédéric Fish Forum
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