Status unknown, whereabouts unknown, Sea of Messina.
New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Off Cape Bouvard (32º44´S) to off North West Cape (22º12´S), WA and off Townsville, QLD (16º42´S) to off Port Kembla, NSW (34º28´S); tropical, circumglobal.
that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur.
The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Cape Province (20), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7)
A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
D17 (17-18); A. 14 (13-15); P. 11-12; V. 8 G.R. 4-6 +1 +11-14, total Operculum margin ending in a rather bluntly pointed lobe; Origin of dorsal fin slightly in advance of vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin, midway between tip of snout and second or third Aop. Pectoral fin small, its base some what higher than level of posterior tip of mouth, its rays extending to PO4; ventral fin extending slightly beyond anus in larger individuals. Dn small, in a thin frame of black pigment. PLO very slightly in advance of upper end of base of pectoral fin and considerably nearer to later than to later line; PVO1 in line with PVO1 and PO1, midway between these organ or slightyly nearer to PVO2 than to PO1; PVO2 at lower end of base of pectoral fin, somewhat below level of Op2; PO1-PO2 interspace considerably larger than those between rest of organ of same series; PO4 more of less behind vertical through center of PO3 and a little higher than PVO2; PO5 lying antero-mesad to base of outermost ray of ventral fin; VLO over base of ventral fin and usually markedly nearer to it than to lateral line; VO1 immediately postero-mesad to base of innermost ray of ventral fin; VO3 very slightly above line commecting PO4 with SAO1 and on straight line connecting VLO with VO5; form ventral view first, fourth and fifth VO distant, on a straight or, usually, slightly curved line, the convexity directed antero-dorsally; SAO1 above and behind VO5; SAO2 directly over origin of anal fin; SAO3 somewhat in advance of AOa1; first three and frequently four Aoa on a straight line; AO5 usually elevated, forming with Pol and AOp1 various patterns ; Pol in advance of end of base of anal fin and midway between later and lateral line or, usually, nearer to base of anal fin than to lateral line; AOp1 in line with or elevated above rest of organs of same series, entirely behind end of base of anal fin; Prc evenly spaced, forming a gently curved line; Prc4 occasionally slightly detached from rest of organs of same series, the distance between Prc3 and Prc4 always smaller than that between Prc3 and Prc1.15-21; AO 5 + 6, total 11
High-oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 300-800 m during the day and between 25-100 m (juveniles 14-22 mm) and 200-300 (adults 50-56 mm) at night. Size stratification with depth both day and night. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae. Reach sex
Mesopelagic; Off eastern Taiwan waters; Atlantic, Mediterranean, Pacific Ocean
Eastern Atlantic: southwest of Ireland and Bay of Biscay to Mauritania and from Gabon to Namibia including some records in the Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: USA to the Antilles (Ref.
) and Argentina, but absent between 17°-3°N east of 30°W. Indian Ocean: 2°N - 25°S, east of 75°E. Western Pacific: between Japan and Australia (Ref.
); also New Zealand (Ref.
). Eastern Pacific: Nazca ridge, Peru (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 4 - 5 cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 13 - 15. Anal organs 10-11; mature males have supracaudal gland consisting of a series of 6 large, well-defined scale-like structures flanked by 5 pairs of smaller, triangular ones; the infracaudal gland of mature females consists of 2 heart-shaped scales; flanked by smaller, triangular luminous scales (Ref.
High-oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref.
), found between 300-800 m during the day and between 25-100 m (juveniles 14-22 mm) and 200-300 (adults 50-56 mm) at night (Ref.
). Size stratification with depth both day and night (Ref.
). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref.
). Reach sexual maturity between 40 and 45 cm (Ref.
). Also Ref. 58302.
, 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 7.2 - 21.5, mean 13.7 (based on 1153 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00244 - 0.01130), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; Based on food items.
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
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