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Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco, 1838)
Gemellar's Lanternfish; Cocco's Lantern Fish; Nyctophus gemellarii Cocco, 1838; Coccos Lantern Fish

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Myctophidae   Lobianchia

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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/75eab29d-b5e4-43f3-90cf-b4c57fd6f015 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/75eab29d-b5e4-43f3-90cf-b4c57fd6f015
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

You are here:  Environment home » Biodiversity » ABRS » AFD » ANIMALIA (Kingdom) » CHORDATA (Phylum) » VERTEBRATA (Subphylum) » GNATHOSTOMATA (Higher Taxon) » PISCES (Higher Taxon) » ACTINOPTERYGII (Class) » EUTELEOSTEI (Subdivision) » SCOPELOMORPHA (Superorder) » MYCTOPHIFORMES (Order) » MYCTOPHIDAE (Family) » Lobianchia Gatti, 1904 (Genus) » Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco, 1838)

Species Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco, 1838)


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB : 37122054 Taxon concept Lobianchia_gemellarii last modified 2010-07-27 10:07:22.682

Species Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco, 1838)

Gemellar's Lanternfish , Cocco's Lantern Fish




New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Off Cape Bouvard (32º44´S) to off North West Cape (22º12´S), WA and off Townsville, QLD (16º42´S) to off Port Kembla, NSW (34º28´S); tropical, circumglobal.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Cape Province (20), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: SE oceanic
    • Queensland: NE oceanic, SE oceanic
    • Western Australia: W oceanic

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Nafpaktitis, B.G., Backus, R.H., Craddock, J.E., Haedrich, R.L., Robison, B.H. & Karnella, C. 1977. Family Myctophidae. In , Gibbs, R.H. (ed.) Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Memoir. Sears Foundation of Marine Research 1 (7): 13-265 figs 1-180


Common Name References

Fishbase 2004. Fishbase at. http://www.fishbase.org/Summary. (Fishbase) (Cocco's Lantern Fish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. http://www.fishnames.com.au/. ( Gemellar's Lanternfish )


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED

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Last modified: Tuesday, 27 July 2010 10:07:22 AM AEST

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Myctophiformes  
 Family Myctophidae  
 Genus Lobianchia  
  Lobianchia gemellarii    (Cocco, 1838) 
Provider: Ming-Chi Wang 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Diaphus gemellari Diaphus gemellarii Diaphus nipponensis Lampanyctus gemellari Lebianchia gemellari Lobianchia gemelari Lobianchia gemellari Myctophum gemellari Myctophum gemellarii Nyctophus gemellarii Scopelus gemellari details
Citation: A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001) Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
Character: D17 (17-18); A. 14 (13-15); P. 11-12; V. 8 G.R. 4-6 +1 +11-14, total Operculum margin ending in a rather bluntly pointed lobe; Origin of dorsal fin slightly in advance of vertical through base of outermost ray of ventral fin, midway between tip of snout and second or third Aop. Pectoral fin small, its base some what higher than level of posterior tip of mouth, its rays extending to PO4; ventral fin extending slightly beyond anus in larger individuals. Dn small, in a thin frame of black pigment. PLO very slightly in advance of upper end of base of pectoral fin and considerably nearer to later than to later line; PVO1 in line with PVO1 and PO1, midway between these organ or slightyly nearer to PVO2 than to PO1; PVO2 at lower end of base of pectoral fin, somewhat below level of Op2; PO1-PO2 interspace considerably larger than those between rest of organ of same series; PO4 more of less behind vertical through center of PO3 and a little higher than PVO2; PO5 lying antero-mesad to base of outermost ray of ventral fin; VLO over base of ventral fin and usually markedly nearer to it than to lateral line; VO1 immediately postero-mesad to base of innermost ray of ventral fin; VO3 very slightly above line commecting PO4 with SAO1 and on straight line connecting VLO with VO5; form ventral view first, fourth and fifth VO distant, on a straight or, usually, slightly curved line, the convexity directed antero-dorsally; SAO1 above and behind VO5; SAO2 directly over origin of anal fin; SAO3 somewhat in advance of AOa1; first three and frequently four Aoa on a straight line; AO5 usually elevated, forming with Pol and AOp1 various patterns ; Pol in advance of end of base of anal fin and midway between later and lateral line or, usually, nearer to base of anal fin than to lateral line; AOp1 in line with or elevated above rest of organs of same series, entirely behind end of base of anal fin; Prc evenly spaced, forming a gently curved line; Prc4 occasionally slightly detached from rest of organs of same series, the distance between Prc3 and Prc4 always smaller than that between Prc3 and Prc1.15-21; AO 5 + 6, total 11 
Habitat: High-oceanic and mesopelagic, found between 300-800 m during the day and between 25-100 m (juveniles 14-22 mm) and 200-300 (adults 50-56 mm) at night. Size stratification with depth both day and night. Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae. Reach sex 
Distribution: Mesopelagic; Off eastern Taiwan waters; Atlantic, Mediterranean, Pacific Ocean 
Name Code: 381217
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Following modified from FishBase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Lobianchia&speciesname=gemellarii ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Lobianchia-gemellarii.html
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Lobianchia-gemellarii.html ---> https://www.fishbase.se/summary/Lobianchia-gemellarii.html

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco , 1838)

Cocco's lantern fish Add your observation in Fish Watcher
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Lobianchia gemellarii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Lobianchia gemellarii (Cocco\ Lobianchia gemellarii
Picture by Costa, F.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes (Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae (Lanternfishes) > Lampanyctinae
Etymology: Lobianchia: Latin, lobus = lobe + Greek, agchone = bottleneck (Ref. 45335 ) .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 25 - 800 m (Ref. 4066 ).   Deep-water; 60°N - 55°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: southwest of Ireland and Bay of Biscay to Mauritania and from Gabon to Namibia including some records in the Mediterranean. Western Atlantic: USA to the Antilles (Ref. 26340 ) and Argentina, but absent between 17°-3°N east of 30°W. Indian Ocean: 2°N - 25°S, east of 75°E. Western Pacific: between Japan and Australia (Ref. 4775 ); also New Zealand (Ref. 5755 ). Eastern Pacific: Nazca ridge, Peru (Ref. 45845 ).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 4 - 5 cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 13 - 15. Anal organs 10-11; mature males have supracaudal gland consisting of a series of 6 large, well-defined scale-like structures flanked by 5 pairs of smaller, triangular ones; the infracaudal gland of mature females consists of 2 heart-shaped scales; flanked by smaller, triangular luminous scales (Ref. 39633 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

High-oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref. 4066 ), found between 300-800 m during the day and between 25-100 m (juveniles 14-22 mm) and 200-300 (adults 50-56 mm) at night (Ref. 4479 ). Size stratification with depth both day and night (Ref. 4775 ). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442 ). Reach sexual maturity between 40 and 45 cm (Ref. 47377 ). Also Ref. 58302.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Paxton, John | Collaborators

Hulley, P.A. , 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 11 July 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans


Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Spawning aggregation
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Swim. type
Gill area


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Special reports

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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 7.2 - 21.5, mean 13.7 (based on 1153 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00244 - 0.01130), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .

Entered by Papasissi, Christine Modified by Bailly, Nicolas Fish Forum
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