Holotype MCZ 28498, East Pacific [0°57´S, 89°03´W].
New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Off Cape Cuvier (24º06´S) to off Dampier (18º40´S), WA and off Lizard Island, QLD (14º30´S) to off Broken Bay, NSW (33º38´S); tropical, Atlantic Indo-west-central Pacific.
that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur.
The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Central Eastern Transition (15), Kenn Transition (16), Kenn Province (17), Northeast Province (18), Northeast Transition (19), Cape Province (20), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7)
A review of lanternfishes( Families: Myctophidae and Neoscopelidae) and their distributions around Taiwan and Tungsha Islands with notes on seventeen new records(Wang and Chen, 2001)
Fishes of Japan(Nakabo, 2002)
D. 15; A. 13; P. 15; V. 8; G.R. 4 + 1 + 9; AO 5 +2 Mouth very large, almost horizontal, with snout slightly overhanging lower jaw. Operculum tapering posteriorly into a rather blunt point about at level of upper end of base of pectoral fin; posterodorsal opercular margin broadly rouded, smooth. A conspicuous pterotic spine, directed posteriorly. Origin of dorsal fin in advance of base of ventral fin. Origin of anal fin behind end of base of dorsal fin. Pectoral fins extending somewhat beyond VLO. Ventral fins reaching anus. Base of adipose fin slightly in advance of vertical through end of base of anal fin. Vn present. A very small Op1 close behind angle of mouth; Op2 much larger and about at level of ventral margin of orbit. PLO in advance of base of pectoral fin and 1.5-2 times its own diameter below lateral line. PVO1 at level of posterior end of mouth, slightly behind vertical through center of PVO2 and in advance of PO2; PVO2 in front of middle of base of pectoral fin. Five PO; PO4 above and somewhat in advance of PO3, slightly higher than PVO1. VLO somewhat nearer to lateral line than to base of ventral fin. Five VO; VO2 and VO5 slightly raised. SAO forming a very obtuse angle; VO5, SAO1 and SAO2 evenly spaced and on a straight line passing behind SAO3 which is less than its own diameter below lateral line. Aoa level; AOa3-AOa4 interspace enlarged. Pol slightly behind last Aoa, under posterior end of base of adipose fin and less than its own diameter below lateral line. Aop separated by a distance about 1.5 times an organ diameter, with first Aop lying immediately in front of anterior end of INGL. Prc 2+1; Prc1 and Prc2 nearly level and 1-1.5 times an organ diameter apart from each other; Prc3 well behind Prc2 and slightly above level of lateral line. SUGL and UNGL of about same length which is equal to horizontal diameter of eye; distance between anterior end of infracaudal gland and end of base of anal fin a little shorter than length of gland.
Oceanic and mesopelagic. Found between 425-850 m during the day and in the upper 100 m at night. Small specimens found in the upper 50 m (night).
Abundant in the Tungsha Islands in South China Sea. Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: between 20°N and 20°S.
Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: between 20°N and 20°S but extensions into higher latitudes in western boundary currents (Gulf Stream to 43°N; Brazil to 36°S; Agulhas to 39°S; Kuroshio to 34°N). Abundant in the Tungsha Islands in South China Sea (Ref.
). All the china sea regions (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
, 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 8.3 - 19.2, mean 12.7 (based on 990 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00244 - 0.01130), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Torres, Armi G.
Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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