The Live Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific, Vol.4(FAO,1999)
Body moderately deep to deep. Total gill rakers on first gill arch 18 to 22, of which 6 to 9 on upper limb, and 11 to 14 on lower limb. Dorsal fin with II slender spines and 25 rays; anal fin with III spines and 14 rays; caudal fin rounded. Lateral line with anterodorsal series of 48 - 62 tubed scales, and a peduncular series of 18 - 22 tubed scales. Head and body varying from pale grey to dark grey, olive, or bright red, usually darker dorsally; cheeks and preorbital area usually with blue to dark grey oblique bars; scales of dorsoanterior part of body each with a bluish to black spot; dark spots sometimes coalescing to form stripes along dorsal-fin base or along alternate scale rows on posterior part of body; upper part of body sometimes with a series of white to bright yellow, short, oblique bars; dorsal fin greyish to dark grey or bright red, usually with outer margin blue to dark grey, and with a series of reddish to black rows of spots anteriorly, which align posteriorly to form stripes; females often with spots forming comma-shaped markings; males sometimes with 1 to several large, dark grey to black, horizontally elongate blotches on anterior part of dorsal fin; anal fin brownish or bluish to dark grey or red, usually with 3 to 12 pale stripes and blue to dark grey outer margin; caudal fin bluish to bright red or black with blue to black margin.
Found near shelter of coral or rock of shallow reefs, with moderate surge or currents where in spread-out groups of mixed sexes. Moves about activity through the gutters and passages. Feeds on small fishes.
Widely distributed throughout the Indo-Malayan Archipelago, from southern Japan, south to the Northwest Shelf of Australia, and east to New Ireland, Papua New Guinea. It is a common species in Taiwan except western part.
Frequently enters the aquarium fish trade, and has been bred in captivity.
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Dottybacks) > Pseudochrominae
Greek, labrax, -akos = a fish, Dicentrarchus labrax (Ref.
Name from Greek 'kyklos' meaning circle and 'ophthalmos' for eye, referring to the dark curved marking around the midposterior rim of the orbit.
More on authors:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 20 m (Ref.
), usually 10 - 15 m (Ref.
). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref.
: 14 - 15. Lower lip uninterrupted at symphysis. Vomerine teeth relatively large, arranged in a chevron. Caudal fin rounded; upper part with 5 - 6 procurrent rays and 9 principal rays. Lateral line with anterodorsal series of 43 - 62 (usually 48 - 62) tubed scales extending from gill opening, and a peduncular series of 12 - 14 (usually 18 - 22) tubed scales. Dorsal and anal fins with distinct scaly sheaths (Ref.
Found near shelter of coral or rock of shallow reefs (Ref.
), with moderate surge or currents, in spread-out groups of mixed sexes. Also in tidal pools, reef flats and reef slopes, often in relatively silty areas at depths ranging to 20 m (Ref.
). Moves about activity through the gutters and passages (Ref.
). Feeds on small fishes (Ref.
). Frequently seen in the aquarium fish trade, and has been bred in captivity (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
, 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 26 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1882 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Torres, Armi G.
Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
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