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Hypomesus chishimaensis Saruwatari, LopÚz and Pietsch, 1997
KUNASHIR SMELT
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Osmeridae   Hypomesus


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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hypomesus nipponensis McAllister , 1963

Japanese smelt Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Hypomesus nipponensis (Japanese smelt) Hypomesus nipponensis
Picture by Senou, H.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes (Smelts) > Osmeridae (Smelts)
Etymology: Hypomesus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek,mesos = a half (Ref. 45335 ) ;   nipponensis: From the Japanese name for the Kuril Island chain.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic; anadromous (Ref. 51243 ).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Japan to the Korean Peninsula (not confirmed by Ref. 33312). USA report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 6 - 7 cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 12 - 19; Vertebrae : 53 - 57. Vomer T-shaped with well-developed posterior process; periphery of glossohyal bone with single row of conical teeth, central part toothless; gill rakers 10(7-11) + 23(20-25) = 32(29-36); pyloric caeca 4(1-6); base of adipose fin less then 20% of head length; eye large; adipose eyelid absent.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in open water of impoundments and their tributaries, in fresh and brackish water. Primarily a brackish water species (Ref.33312). Anadromous (Ref. 37812 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Saruwatari, T., J.A. L├│pez and T.W. Pietsch , 1997. A revision of the ormerid genus Hypomesus Gill (Teleostei: Salmoniformes), with a description of a new species from the southern Kuril Islands. Species Diversity 2:59-82. (Ref. 33312 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 13364 )




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.16 (2.97 - 3.35), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; Fec = 1,033; post-spawning mortality almost 100%). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Low .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Reyes, Rodolfo B. Fish Forum
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