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Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley, 1948)
TROPICAL HARDYHEAD
Whitley's Silverside; Atherinosoma tropicalis Whitley, 1948; Whitleys Silverside

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Atherinidae   Hypoatherina


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Following modified from Australian Faunal Directory
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http://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/eab6ce5e-2167-4dd8-a652-37d54f7b8031;jsessionid=4765CD4FA5AEE5361A30F6BBE7973590 ---> https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/eab6ce5e-2167-4dd8-a652-37d54f7b8031;jsessionid=4765CD4FA5AEE5361A30F6BBE7973590
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Following modified from FishBase
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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Hypoatherina&speciesname=tropicalis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Hypoatherina&speciesname=tropicalis
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Hypoatherina&speciesname=tropicalis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Hypoatherina-tropicalis.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley , 1948)

Whitley's silverside Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hypoatherina tropicalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Google image Image of Hypoatherina tropicalis (Whitley\ Hypoatherina tropicalis
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Atherinomorinae
Etymology: Hypoatherina: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Whitley .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 9760 ).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: New Guinea, northern and eastern Australia, Madang, Maron and Bougainville Islands. Possibly present over a wide range in Melanesian waters. Aso found around Lord Howe Island.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9760 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-11; Anal spines : 1; Anal soft rays : 11 - 14. Lips absent. Ascending process of premaxilla, short and broad. Gill rakers in first lower gill arch 18-22. Midlateral scales 39-46. Predorsal scales 17-22.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits waters close inshore. Often seen to jump out of the water, especially after sunset when they appear as fluorescent streaks. At night they appear to aggregate with Atherinomorus capricornensis around One Tree Island (eastern Australia). Probably eaten by larger commercial species (Ref. 9760 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Collaborators

Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley , 1999. Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 1430 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00236 - 0.01338), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Kesner-Reyes, Kathleen Fish Forum
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