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Haemulon chrysargyreum Gunther, 1859
SMALLMOUTH GRUNT
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Haemulidae   Haemulon


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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Haemulon+chrysargyreum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Haemulon+chrysargyreum&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Animal

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Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Haemulon chrysargyreum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Haemulon chrysargyreum
Haemulon chrysargyreum
Smallmouth Grunt
ID: 0000 0000 0606 0765 [detail]
© 2006 John White

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http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Haemulon&speciesname=chrysargyreum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Haemulon&speciesname=chrysargyreum
https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Haemulon&speciesname=chrysargyreum ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Haemulon-chrysargyreum.html

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Haemulon chrysargyreum Günther , 1859

Smallmouth grunt Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range
Reviewed map
Haemulon chrysargyreum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google image Image of Haemulon chrysargyreum (Smallmouth grunt) Haemulon chrysargyreum
Picture by Floeter, S.R.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Haemulidae (Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Haemulon: Greek, haimaleos = bloody (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Günther .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 25 m (Ref. 7251 ).   Subtropical; 32°N - 34°S, 98°W - 34°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Bahamas and Yucatan, Mexico to Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251 ); common length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3798 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 9 - 10. 6 straight, even, and nearly equally wide bronze-yellow stripes on side (Ref. 26938 ). Snout short, mouth nearly horizontal and small, the maxilla usually not reaching a vertical at front edge of pupil; fins largely yellow (Ref. 13442 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits exposed rocky areas and coral reefs. Often near elkhorn and staghorn corals (Ref. 9710 ). Commonly found in schools. Juveniles are encountered in Thalassia beds (Ref. 9626 ). Adults are observed in coral reefs during the day but enters open waters at night to feed on mainly on plankton (Ref. 9626 ), but also on small crustaceans and mollusks. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3798 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray , 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 01 March 2011

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; bait: usually FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Bio-Quiz | E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GoMexSI (interaction data) | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 26.3 - 28.2, mean 27.4 (based on 634 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00763 - 0.01985), b=2.99 (2.85 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  3.5   ±0.2 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Froese, Rainer Modified by Garilao, Cristina V. Fish Forum
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