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Gaultheria shallon Pursh
SHALLON
Gaultheria procumbens auct, non L; Salal

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ericaceae   Gaultheria

Gaultheria shallon, whole tree or vine - general
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, whole tree or vine - general

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Gaultheria shallon, leaf - whole upper surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, leaf - whole upper surface
Gaultheria shallon, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, twig - orientation of petioles

Gaultheria shallon, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, leaf - margin of upper + lower surface
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - immature
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - immature

Gaultheria shallon, fruit - immature
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - immature
Gaultheria shallon, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, bark - of a small tree or small branch

Gaultheria shallon, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - as borne on the plant
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - as borne on the plant

Gaultheria shallon, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Gaultheria shallon, fruit - lateral or general close-up

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Trialeurodes @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Pestalotia gibbosa @ BPI (11)

Pestalotia @ BPI (2)
Aphididae  Ericaphis @ AMNH_PBI (5)
Apidae  Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (19)

Bombus melanopygus @ BBSL (2)

Bombus mixtus @ BBSL (11)

Bombus sitkensis @ BBSL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Dothiorella @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta gaultheriae @ 352369B (1); 352369A (1); BPI (20)

Phyllosticta shallon @ BPI (2)

Phyllosticta sparsa @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (2)
Dermateaceae  Dermea gibbosa @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (3)
Elsinoaceae  Elsinoe ledi @ BPI (6)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera diffusa @ BPI (1)
Helotiaceae  Pestalopezia brunneopruinosa @ BPI (2)
Hyaloscyphaceae  Dasyscyphus gaultheriae @ 661744A (1); BPI (3); 661744B (1)

Lachnum gaultheriae @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Osmia pikei @ EMEC (1)
Meliolaceae  Meliola niessliana @ BPI (12)
Miridae  Tupiocoris similis @ AMNH_ENT (7)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Mycosphaerella gaultheriae @ 608348A (1); BPI (15); 608348B (1)
Phacidiaceae  Ceuthospora gaeumannii @ BPI (2)

Phacidium gaultheriae @ BPI (4)

Phacidium vaccinii @ BPI (2)
Phaeosphaeriaceae  Ophiobolus @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Puto pacificus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Rhytismataceae  Coccomyces coronatus @ BPI (3)

Coccomyces dentatus @ BPI (2)

Coccomyces tumidus @ BPI (1)

Lophodermium exaridum @ BPI (2)
Sclerotiniaceae  Valdensia heterodoxa @ BPI (1)
Stictidaceae  Stictis radiata @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Hypoxylon exutans @ BPI (1)
_  Aulacorthum( @ AMNH_PBI (11)

Chaetotrichum macrosporum @ BPI (2)

Lophodermina exarida @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Virginia Tech Dendrology
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 8 Page 511, 512, 514 , 515 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Gaultheria

6. Gaultheria shallon Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 283, plate 12. 1813.

Salal, shallal

Shrubs, creeping, not mat-forming, rhizomatous. Stems erect to partially erect, (greenish), 50-200+ cm, ± glandular-hairy, glabrescent. Leaf blades oval to ovate or orbiculate to reniform, 4-8+ cm, base rounded or cordate, margins serrulate (teeth fimbriate apically), apex mucronate/apiculate or aristate, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, drooping, secund racemes; peduncle deep pink to red, 7-15+ cm, densely glandular-hairy; bracts white to light pink, deltate, 4-6 mm, not exceeding sepals, glandular-hairy marginally. Pedicels white, 7-10 mm, densely glandular-hairy; bracteoles 1-5, pinkish white, parallel-veined, oblanceolate, 3-5 mm, densely glandular-hairy. Flowers: sepals 5, distinct nearly to base, dark pink to red, narrowly deltate, 3.5-5 mm, glandular-hairy (hairs reddish); petals 5, connate nearly their entire lengths, white to light pink, 7-8 mm, densely glandular-hairy, corolla narrowly urceolate, lobes 1 mm; filaments widest proximally, glabrous, papillose; anthers with 2 apical, bifurcating awns, dehiscent by subterminal pores proximal to awns. Fruits black-purple, 6-8 mm wide. 2 n = 22, 44.

Flowering May-early Jul; fruiting late Jul-Sep. Woods and transition zones, moist soils, rocky or sandy cliffs, coastal bluffs; 0-1300 m; B.C.; Alaska, Calif., Oreg., Wash.; introduced in nw Europe.

Fruits of Gaultheria shallon are a food source for animals, and the evergreen leaves provide additional food throughout the winter. This species has been used as a vegetative cover in disturbed areas because it spreads aggressively. The fresh and dried or smoked fruits were an important food of native peoples throughout its range. The evergreen leaves are used commercially in floral arrangements.

Updated: 2020-09-27 08:16:21 gmt
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