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Galerina marginata (Batsch) Kühner
Galerina autumnalis

Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Cortinariaceae   Galerina

Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata

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Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata

Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata

Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Galerina marginata

Galerina marginata
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Galerina marginata

Galerina marginata
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 1
Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata 2- sp GM11008
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Galerina marginata 2- sp GM11008

Galerina marginata 3- sp GM11008
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Galerina marginata 3- sp GM11008
Galerina marginata 4- sp GM11008
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Galerina marginata 4- sp GM11008

Galerina marginata, specimen GM11008
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Galerina marginata, specimen GM11008
Galerina marginata, specimen GM11008
© Glenn Esterson, 2008 · 0
Galerina marginata, specimen GM11008

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&pull 20q v5.145 20180528: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://mushroomobserver.org/name/show_name/713

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California Fungi—Galerina marginata Galerina marginata
(Photo: © Michael Wood)

Galerina marginata (Batsch) Kühner
Encyclop. Mycol. 7: 225. 1935.

Common Name: deadly Galerina

Synonyms: Galerina autumnalis Peck (Smith & Singer); Galerina venenata Smith

  • Pileus

    Cap 2-6 cm broad, convex to plano-convex; surface smooth, viscid, yellowish-brown to orange-brown; margin translucent striate; flesh very thin.

  • Lamellae

    Gills adnexed to short-decurrent, close to sub-distant, with two tiers of lamellulae; pale yellowish when young, becoming yellowish-orange to concolorous with the pileus to pale brown in age.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 2-10 cm long, 2-6 mm thick, smooth and white to buff above the annulus, dull gray-brown and fibrillose below, mostly equal, with a prominent annulus forming a white to rusty spore coated apical ring that is sometimes missing in age.

  • Spores

    Spores 8-11 X 5-6.5 µm, elliptical, light brown in water, non-amyloid, ornamented with low warts. Spore print rusty brown.

  • Habitat

    Scattered to cespitose on well decayed wood.

  • Edibility

    Deadly!!! Deadly poisonous. Contains alpha-amanitins in sufficient quantities to cause death.

  • Comments

    Galerina marginata has been mistaken in the past with representatives of the genus Psilocybe by those interested in collecting hallucinogenic mushrooms. This has resulted in several poisonings and at least one death.

  • References

    Ammirati, J.F., Traquair, J.A. & Horgen, P.A. (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN. 396 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F . (2000). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 5: Agarics (3rd Part). Cortinariaceae. Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 338 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Duffy, T.J. (2008). Toxic Fungi of Western North America. MykoWeb .
    Gulden, G., Dunham, S. & Stockman, J. (2001). DNA studies in the Galerina marginata complex. Mycol. Res. 105(4): 432-440.
    Smith, A.H. & Singer, R. (1964). A Monograph of the Genus Galerina Earle. Hafner Publishing Company: New York, NY. 384 p.
    Watling, R., Gregory, N.M. & Orton, P.D. (1993). British Fungus Flora: Agarics and Boleti. Vol 7. Cortinariaceae p.p.: Galerina , Gymnopilus , Leucocortinarius , Phaeocollybia , Phaeogalera , Phaeolepiota , Phaeomarasmius , Pleuroflammula , Rozites & Stagnicola . Royal Botanic Garden: Edinburgh, Scotland. 131 p.
    Wells, V.L. & Kempton, P.E. (1969). Studies on the fleshy fungi of Alaska. III. The genus Galerina . Lloydia 32(3): 369-387.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Wikipedia: Galerina marginata (D & CP)
    • Arora (1986): p. 185 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Arora (1991) P. 135 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Benjamin: Chapter 12 (Toxicity Info), plate 4 (CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Fischer & Bessette: p. 160 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Jordan: p. 276 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Lincoff: p. 620 (D), plate 228 [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • McKenny et al. : p. 128 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Miller: sp. 238 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Phillips: p. 187 (D), p. 186 (CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Smith & Weber: sp. 190 (D & CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Spoerke & Rumack, eds.: Chapter 10 (Toxicity Info) [as Galerina autumnalis ]
    • Stamets: p. 193 (D), p. 194 (CP) [as Galerina autumnalis ]

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
Copyright © 1996-2018 Michael Wood & Fred Stevens
A MykoWeb Page

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Galerina+marginata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Galerina+marginata&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Fungi

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Number of matches : 17
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Galerina marginata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Fungi") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
ID: 0000 0000 0811 3449 [detail]
© 2011 John W. Wall

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1996 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1997 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1998 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 1999 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2000 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2001 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2002 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2003 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2004 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2005 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2006 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2007 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2009 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2010 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2011 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Galerina marginata
Galerina marginata
Funeral Bell
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2012 [detail]
© 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

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