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Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.
Life   Plantae   Bryophyta   Funariaceae   Funaria

Funaria hygrometrica, ---.. ZS PMax
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Funaria hygrometrica, ---.. ZS PMax

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Funaria hygrometrica ---.. ZS PMax
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Funaria hygrometrica ---.. ZS PMax
Funaria hygrometrica ---.. ZS PMax
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Funaria hygrometrica ---.. ZS PMax

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Funaria hygrometrica

Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Funaria hygrometrica

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Pyronemataceae  Octospora roxheimii @ BPI (1)

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Funaria hygrometrica Hedwig [Funariaceae]
map of distribution

Plants erect in light green to yellowish tufts, to 1 cm high. Lower leaves scale-like and appressed, often buried in the substratum; upper leaves erect spreading and mostly forming a bulbiform, comose cluster, somewhat contorted to little changed when dry, deeply concave, to 4 mm long, ovate oblong to obovate, 2–3: 1. Median laminal cells irregularly short rectangular to hexagonal, thin walled without corner thickening, to 40 µm wide, 2–5: 1, smooth. Basal cells somewhat longer than median cells but otherwise little differentiated. Margins plane to somewhat recurved, usually somewhat serrulate above the middle. Costa subpercurrent to shortly excurrent with its cross-section homogeneous. Axillary hairs to 5 cells long, to 150 µm, with no basal brown cell, not offset from leaf insertion. Rhizoids mostly near base of plant, smooth to very lightly papillose, pale to red-brown, to 30 µm in diameter at base, sparingly branched, arising from scattered nematogons. Stem cross-section with a central strand, with leptodermous and hyaline inner corticals and with 1–2 layers of somewhat pachydermous, red brown outer cortical cells.
    Autoicous with perigonia in leaf axils near the perichaetia or on the apices of separate short branches. Perichaetia terminal with bracts little differentiated. Seta yellow to reddish, smooth, so flexuose as to tangle with adjacent setae, to 35 mm long. Urn orange-brown to brownish, to 3 mm long, 2–3: 1, strongly arcuate and sulcate. Operculum dome shaped, almost without an apiculus. Annulus well-defined, revoluble. Exothecial cells at capsule mouth thick walled, to 50 µm broad, rectangular and transversely elongate, 0.2–0.4: 1, strongly differentiated in up to 4 rows. Exothecial cells at middle of urn quadrate to rectangular, 1–5: 1, to 20 µm broad, very thick walled on ridges of capsule with lumen:wall ratio 0.25–1: 1, thinner walled in valleys of the sulcate capsule. Stomata restricted to neck of capsule, phaneroporous, formed of a single doughnut-shaped cell. Exostome teeth 16, pale brown to reddish, to 800 µm long, finely and densely papillose striate below but papillose above, strongly trabeculate and appendiculate with both the appendiculae of adjacent teeth and the apices of those teeth fused. Endostome segments about 2/3 as long as the peristome teeth, lightly papillose, without basal membrane or cilia. Calyptra cucullate and rostrate, inflated, sheathing most of capsule. Spores light green, to 20 µm, smooth.

This is the most abundant species of Funaria throughout the world. It is an excellent indicator of fire, usually present in dense swards on the ashes after a bonfire or on the soil after a forest fire. It is usually with sporophytes, is easily recognized by the inflated and beaked calyptra, the arcuate and sulcate capsule, and by the tendency for the long and flexuose setae to wrap around one another. Funaria hygrometrica is found throughout California, even in sheltered areas near springs in Death Valley.

Mail a correction to Paul Wilson ·
Literature Bourell 1981; Bradshaw 1926; Coville 1893; Harpel 1980a; Harthill et al. 1979; Holmberg 1969; Jamieson 1969; Kellman 2003; Kingman 1912; Koch 1950a, 1951e; Koch and Ikenberry 1954; Lawton 1971; Lesquereux 1868; Long 1978; McCleary 1972; Millspaugh and Nuttall 1923; Mishler 1978; Moxley 1928; Sayre 1940; Shevock and Toren 2001; Showers 1982; Sigal 1975; Spjut 1971; Steere 1954; Steere et al. 1954; Strid 1974; Sullivant 1856; Toren 1977; Watson 1880; Whittemore and Sommers 1999; Yurky 1990, 1995. As Funaria convoluta Bartram 1928; Howe 1896; Kingman 1912; Lesquereux 1868; Lesquereux and James 1884; Watson 1880. As Funaria hibernica Lesquereux 1868. As Funaria hygrometrica var. convoluta Cooke 1941.
Illustrations Malcolm et al. 2009 p. 48; Crum and Anderson 1981; Flowers 1973; Ignatov and Ignatova 2003; Ireland 1982; Lawton 1971; Sharp et al. 1994; Smith 1978.
Bioregions CaR, CW, DMoj, DSon, GV, MP, NW, SN, SNE, SW.
Vouchers Alameda Co.: Brushy Peak northeast of Livermore, Norris 87166 ; Fresno Co.: Ross Landing Road at Indian Head, Sierra National Forest, Shevock, Ertter, & York 13484; Humboldt Co.: Eyesee Road at China Gulch, Six Rivers National Forest, Norris 22150 ; Los Angeles Co.: Wrigley Memorial Gardens, Santa Catalina Island, Harpel 2402 (pers. herb.); Merced Co.: future campus site of University of California, Merced, Norris 103117 ; Modoc Co.: north of Middle Alkali Lake northeast of Cedarville, Norris 47478 ; Santa Barbara Co.: Lobos Canyon, Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands National Park, Shevock & Rodriquez 20845 ; Solano Co.: Jepson Prairie Preserve east of Fairfield, Norris 101393 .
   

Elevation by latitude plot for Funaria hygrometrica
   in California

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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Bryophyta  
 Class Bryopsida  
 Order Funariales  
 Family Funariaceae  
 Genus Funaria  
  Funaria hygrometrica    Hedw., 1801 
Provider: Chiang, Tzen-Yuh 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Entosthodon angustifolius Funaria androgyna Funaria angustifolia Funaria aurea Funaria calvescens Funaria campylopus Funaria connivens Funaria convoluta Funaria flaviseta Funaria fuegiana Funaria fuscescens details
Citation: Agnew, S. & M. Vondráček 1975. A moss flora of Iraq. Feddes Repert. 86: 341–489. Allen, B. H. 1987. Mosses from the state of Maine. Evansia 4: 17–20. Anderson, L. E., H. A. Crum & W. R. Buck 1990. List of mosses of North America north of Mexico. Bryologist 93: 448–499. Bartram, E. B. 1949. Mosses of Guatemala. Fieldiana, Bot. 25. 442 pp.
Name Code: 200429
  
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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=FUHY70 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUHY70
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUHY70 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=FUHY70
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Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.
funaria moss

Image of Funaria hygrometrica

General Information
Symbol: FUHY70
Group: Moss
Family: Funariaceae
Duration:  
Growth Habit : Nonvascular
Native Status : NA   N
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Native Status:
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Images

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©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

©Michael Lüth. Provided by Michael Lüth . Lüth, M. 2004. Pictures of bryophytes from Europe [CD-ROM] . Published by the author. Usage Requirements .

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Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
FUHYC2 Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. var. convoluta (Hampe) Grout
FUHYP Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. var. patula Bruch & Schimp.
FUHYU Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. var. utahensis Grout

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Division Bryophyta – Mosses
Subdivision Musci
Class Bryopsida – True mosses
Subclass Bryidae
Order Funariales
Family Funariaceae
Genus Funaria Hedw. – funaria moss
Species Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. – funaria moss

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

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Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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2. Funaria hygrometrica Hedwig, Sp. Musc. Frond. 172. 1801.

Plants 4-10 or more mm, with a basal antheridial branch, medium green to yellowish green; leafless proximally with leaves crowded and bulbiform distally, sometimes laxly foliate throughout. Leaves smaller proximally, distal leaves 2-4 mm, deeply concave, oblong-ovate to broadly obovate distally, acute to apiculate or short-acuminate, entire or weakly serrulate distally; costa subpercurrent to short-excurrent; distal laminal cells thin-walled and inflated, hexagonal or oblong-hexagonal becoming much more oblong proximally. Seta usually (12-)20-45(-80) mm, slender and flexuose, usually hygroscopic. Capsule 2-3.5 mm, pyriform, asymmetric, curved to straight, horizontal to pendent or merely inclined or nearly erect, becoming sulcate when dry below the strongly oblique mouth; annulus revoluble, operculum slightly convex; peristome brown, papillose-striate proximally and papillose distally, strongly trabeculate, becoming appendiculate distally, forming a lattice by fusion of the tips; endostome segments lanceolate about 2 /3 as long as the teeth, yellowish, finely papillose-striate. Calyptra cucullate, smooth. Spores mostly 12-21 µm, finely papillose.

Varieties ca. 20 (2 in the flora): worldwide except Antarctica.

Funaria hygrometrica is one of the most common, weedy, and widely distributed mosses in the world; its distribution closely parallels that of Bryum argenteum . It is widely illustrated in textbooks to demonstrate the life cycle of a typical moss, possibly because of the abundant conspicuous sporophytes produced and its frequent presence in greenhouses. However, the peristome with opposite, instead of alternate, teeth in the two peristome rows is clearly atypical among the majority of mosses. Most of the varieties that have been described probably do not merit recognition because of the morphological plasticity of the species in response to environmental conditions.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Funaria+hygrometrica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Funaria+hygrometrica&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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Number of matches : 3
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Funaria hygrometrica%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
ID: 0000 0000 0612 0262 [detail]
© 2012 calbryos group

Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
ID: 0000 0000 0313 1833 [detail]
© 2013 Scot Loring

Funaria hygrometrica
Funaria hygrometrica
ID: 0000 0000 0515 1705 [detail]
© 2015 Barry Breckling

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