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Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant, 1882
PELICAN EEL
Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Eurypharyngidae   Eurypharynx


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Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Saccopharyngiformes  
 Family Eurypharyngidae  
 Genus Eurypharynx  
  Eurypharynx pelecanoides    Vaillant, 1882 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
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Synonyms: Euripharynx pelecanoides Eurypharynx pacificus Eurypharynx richardi Gastrostomus bairdii Gastrostomus pacificus Leptocephalus pseudolatissimus Macropharynx longicaudatus   details
Citation: Nielsen, J. G. , E. Bertelsen, and Å. Jespersen (1989) The biology of Eurypharynx pelecanoides (Pisces, Eurypharyngidae). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) v. 70 (no. 3): 187-197 Smith, D.G. (1997) Eurypharyngidae. Gulper eels. p. 1695. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.
Name Code: 383374
  IUCN Red List:LC      
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https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Eurypharynx&speciesname=pelecanoides ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Eurypharynx-pelecanoides.html

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Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant , 1882

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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Saccopharyngiformes (Swallowers and gulpers) > Eurypharyngidae (Gulpers)
Etymology: Eurypharynx: Greek, eurys = long + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on author: Vaillant .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 500 - 7625 m (Ref. 58426 ), usually 1200 - 1400 m (Ref. 559 ).   Deep-water; 67°N - 56°N, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Circumglobal: In tropical to temperate waters. Eastern Pacific: ranges from northern California to Peru (Ref. 35600 ).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ?   range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000 ); common length : 55.0 cm NG male/unsexed; (Ref. 5755 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines : 0. Mouth greatly enlarged by a backward extension of jaws, gape comprising half or more of preanal length; buccal cavity greatly distensible. Tail attenuated and ending in an expanded, luminous caudal organ. Caudal fin absent; scales absent; lateral line without pores, instead with groups of elevated tubules.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Meso- to abyssopelagic (Ref. 58302 ) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58426 ). Adults feed mainly on crustaceans, but also take fishes, cephalopods, and other invertebrates (Ref. 2850 , 11041 ). Oviparous, planktonic eggs hatch into planktonic leptocephalus larvae (Ref. 6719 , 35600 ). Degenerative changes in males and females suggest semelparity (Ref. 35600 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous (Ref. 35600 ). Degenerative changes in males and females suggest semelparity (Ref. 35600 ). Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage (monocyclic ovaries) suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning (Ref. 36055 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G. and E. Bertelsen , 1990. Eurypharyngidae. p. 206. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4457 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Least Concern (LC)  ; Date assessed: 24 May 2012

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: of no interest FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 2.3 - 5.5, mean 3.6 (based on 890 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.1   ±0.56 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Assuming semelparity with tm>10). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100) .

Entered by Binohlan, Crispina B. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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