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Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carapidae

Echiodon exsilium
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Echiodon exsilium

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© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
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Main identification features
  • snout: 2-3 skin flaps
  • fangs at front - both jaws
  • with pectorals


Slender, short, cylindrical body, long slender tail; dorsal and anal fins low, confluent with tail fin; dorsal origin well behind origin of anal; rear margin of top jaw bone not covered by skin; 1-3 large curved fangs at front of top jaw, 1-2 fangs at tip of lower jaw, these separated by a gap from other teeth, other jaw teeth small, conical, in multiple rows; 2-3 small fleshy flaps at tip of snout above top lip; gill opening extends above mid-side; well developed pectoral fin; anus well behind base of pectoral fin

A circumtropical genus except for eastern Atlantic with ~11 species; 1 representative in and endemic to our region.

  • Cohen , D.M. and Nielsen, J.G., 1978., Guide to the identification of genera of the fish order Ophidiiformes with a tentative classification of the order., NOAA Tech. Rept., \.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Markle , D.F. and Olney, J.E., 1990., Systematics of the Pearlfishes (Pisces: Carapidae)., Bull. Mar. Sci., 47:269-410.
  • Rosenblatt, R.H., 1961., A new pearlfish (Family Carapidae) from the Gulf of California., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 74:207-212.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Williams, J.T., 1984., Studies on Echiodon (Pisces: Carapidae), with description of two new Indo-Pacific species., Copeia, 1984:410-422.
  • Williams, J.T., 1984., Synopsis and phylogenetic analysis of the pearlfish subfamily Carapinae (Pisces: Carapidae)., Bull. Mar. Sci., 34:386-397.


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Updated: 2019-02-16 01:09:36 gmt
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