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Dryopteris filix-mas (Linnaeus) Schott
MALE FERN
Life   Plantae   Pteridophyta   Dryopteridaceae   Dryopteris

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

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Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Dryopteris filix-mas x affinis = D. x complexa

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Platygloeaceae  Herpobasidium filicinum @ BPI (4)
Pucciniastraceae  Milesina kriegeriana @ BPI (2)
Syrphidae  Milesia carpatica @ BPI (7)

Milesia kriegeriana @ BPI (10)
Taphrinaceae  Taphrina vestergrenii @ BPI (6)
_  Pseudopeltis filicum @ BPI (1)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DRFI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DRFI2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=DRFI2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DRFI2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DRFI2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=DRFI2
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Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott
male fern

Image of Dryopteris filix-mas

General Information
Symbol: DRFI2
Group: Fern
Family: Dryopteridaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
GL   N
L48   N
SPM   N
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Dryopteris thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Lindsey Koepke. United States, WA, Lewis Co., Mount Rainier National Park, East Side Trail. June 24, 2005. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 21. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Division Pteridophyta – Ferns
Class Filicopsida
Order Polypodiales
Family Dryopteridaceae – Wood Fern family
Genus Dryopteris Adans. – woodfern
Species Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott – male fern

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maine male fern Endangered
Vermont male fern Threatened

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (DRFI2)
CalPhotos (DRFI2)
Flora of North America (DRFI2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DRFI2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (DRFI2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (DRFI2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (DRFI2)
Native Plants Network (DRFI2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (DRFI2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Dryopteridaceae | Dryopteris

4. Dryopteris filix-mas (Linnaeus) Schott, Gen. Fil. plate 67. 1834.

Male fern, dryoptère fougère mâle

Polypodium filix-mas Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1090. 1753

Leaves monomorphic, dying back in winter, 28--120 × 10--30 cm. Petiole less than 1/4 length of leaf, scaly at least at base; scales scattered, brown, of 2 distinct kinds, 1 broad, 1 hairlike (only this species has 2 distinct forms of scales without intermediates). Blade green, ovate-lanceolate, pinnate-pinnatifid to 2-pinnate at base, firm but not leathery, not glandular. Pinnae ± in plane of blade, lanceolate; basal pinnae ovate-lanceolate, much reduced, basal pinnules or segments ± same length as adjacent pinnules, basal basiscopic pinnule and basal acroscopic pinnule equal; pinnule margins serrate to lobed. Sori midway between midvein and margin of segments. Indusia lacking glands. 2 n = 164.

Dense woods and talus slopes on limestone (ne North America); open woods among boulders and talus of granite or igneous rock (Rocky Mountains); 200--2500 m; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask.; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mich., Mont., N.Mex., Nev., Okla., Oreg., Tex., Utah, Wash., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia.

The taxonomy of Dryopteris filix-mas is not well understood. In North America, this fern has been considered both an auto- and an allopolyploid and may be composed of at least two closely related taxa. Plants in the northeast and northwest are tetraploid. These differ morphologically and ecologically from a taxon of unknown chromosome number in the southwestern Rocky Mountains. The Rocky Mountain taxon closely resembles the Mexican D . pseudofilix-mas (Fée) Rothmaler. Dryopteris filix-mas also occurs in Europe, and it is known to be an allopolyploid of D . caucasica (A. Braun) Fraser-Jenkins & Corley × oreades Fomin.

Following modified from CalPhotos
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http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dryopteris+filix-mas&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Dryopteris+filix-mas&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

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