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Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
COMMON BUTTONBUSH
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Rubiaceae   Cephalanthus

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Cephalanthus occidentalis, Buttonbush
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Cephalanthus occidentalis, Buttonbush

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Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis

Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis, Common Buttonbush
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis, Common Buttonbush

Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis

Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis

Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis

Cephalanthus occidentalis
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cephalanthus occidentalis, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cephalanthus occidentalis, fruit - as borne on the plant

Cephalanthus occidentalis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cephalanthus occidentalis, bark - of a small tree or small branch
Cephalanthus occidentalis, twig - orientation of petioles
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cephalanthus occidentalis, twig - orientation of petioles

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Dialeurodes citri @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Amphisphaeriaceae  Discosia maculicola @ BPI (1)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (51)
Apidae  Bombus perplexus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia caesia @ GAL (1)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta cephalanthi @ BPI (1)

Phyllosticta @ BPI (1)
Capnodiaceae  Capnodium elongatum @ BPI (1)
Clavicipitaceae  Cordyceps clavulata @ BPI (2)
Coccidae  Parthenolecanium corni @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrypella cephalanthi @ BPI (2)

Diatrypella @ BPI (1)
Dictyopharidae  Rhynchomitra microrhina @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Erysiphaceae  Microsphaera alni @ BPI (7); 875862A (1)

Microsphaera semitosta @ BPI (8)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia suffulta @ BPI (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Helotiaceae  Cenangium cephalanthi @ BPI (2)

Scleroderris cephalanthi @ BPI (3)
Hyphodermataceae  Aegerita candida @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium cephalanthi @ BPI (2)
Lycaenidae  Calycopis cecrops @ I_TQBH (2)
Megachilidae  Megachile albitarsis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Megachile mendica @ AMNH_BEE (5)

Megachile xylocopoides @ AMNH_BEE (2)
Miridae  Agnocoris pulverulentus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Ceratocapsus pumilus @ AMNH_PBI (2); MEMU_ENT (2)

Ceratocapsus punctulatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Ceratocapsus quadrispiculus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Neurocolpus nubilus @ MEMU_ENT (59)

Orthotylus ornatus @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Phytocoris erectus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Phytocoris tibialis @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Prepops rubrovittatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora cephalanthi @ BPI (6)

Cercospora perniciosa @ BPI (2)

Ramularia cephalanthi @ BPI (2)

Septoria cephalanthi @ BPI (9)
Mymaridae  Gonatocerus ashmeadi @ UCRC_ENT310463B (1); UCRC_ENT (2)
Nectriaceae  Nectria episphaeria @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus servus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Physciaceae  Hyperphyscia @ GAL (1)
Pleosporaceae  Epicoccum maculatum @ BPI (1)
Polyporaceae  Polyporus glomeratus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus hirsutus @ BPI (1)

Polyporus illinoisensis @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia seymouriana @ BPI (36)
Reduviidae  Phymata fasciata @ UCR_ENT (2)
Rhopalidae  Arhyssus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Niesthrea @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Steccherinaceae  Irpex lacteus @ BPI (1)

Odontia crustula @ BPI (1)

Odontia lactea @ BPI (1)
Teloschistaceae  Caloplaca cerina @ GAL (2)
Trichogrammatidae  Ufens ceratus @ UCRC_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT310463A (1)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium cephalanthi @ BPI (1)

Aecidium @ BPI (1)
_  Ascochyta cephalanthi @ BPI (1)

Uredo cephalanthi @ BPI (3)

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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Cephalanthus occidentalis L. Buttonbush
Rubiaceae — Madder family
Native
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Lums Pond State Park
July 2002 Cephalanthus occidentalis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Thompson Station Road
July 2002 Cephalanthus occidentalis
White Clay Creek State Park -- Pump House Road
June 2011

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEOC2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=CEOC2
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Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
common buttonbush

Image of Cephalanthus occidentalis

General Information
Symbol: CEOC2
Group: Dicot
Family: Rubiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc) Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cephalanthus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Alexandria, Dyke Marsh. Usage Requirements .

©Jeff McMillian. Provided by Almost Eden . United States, LA. Usage Requirements .

©Nelson DeBarros. United States. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 255. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CEOCC2 Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. californicus Benth.
CEOCP2 Cephalanthus occidentalis L. var. pubescens Raf.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Rubiales
Family Rubiaceae – Madder family
Genus Cephalanthus L. – buttonbush
Species Cephalanthus occidentalis L. – common buttonbush

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West OBL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain OBL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont OBL
Great Plains OBL
Midwest OBL
Northcentral & Northeast OBL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast OBL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CEOC2)
CalPhotos (CEOC2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOC2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOCC2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CEOCP2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CEOC2)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CEOC2)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (CEOC2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CEOC2)
Native Plants Network (CEOC2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (CEOC2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CEOC2)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CEOC2)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CEOC2)
Related Websites
AZ-Southwest Environmental Information Network (CEOC2)
CT-Connecticut Botanical Society (CEOC2)
CT-University of Connecticut Plant Database (CEOC2)
FL-University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service (CEOC2)
MO-Grow Native (CEOC2)
MO-Missouri Plants (CEOC2)
NC-North Carolina State University Plant Fact Sheet (CEOC2)
OK-Oklahoma Biological Survey (CEOC2)
TX-Image Archive of Central Texas Plants (CEOC2)
VA-VTree ID (CEOC2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Minor
Miller Minor Moderate Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Miller Moderate

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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