The species was placed on the IUCN Red List as Near Threatened in 2005.
Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia
Extra Distribution Information
Shark Bay to Moreton Bay, QLD and Muirray Island, Torres Strait; tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Cape Province (20), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)
FAO Species Catalogue, Vol.4 Sharks of the world
A moderately-sized, fairly stocky species. Eyes fairly large, its length 2-3% of total length. Gill slits moderately-sized, length of the 3rd 2.6-4.2% of total length and less than a third of the 1st dorsal base. Rows of anteroposterior teeth in each jaw half 11-13/10-12. upper teeth with narrow, strongly serrated, high cusps, and crown feet with coarse serrations and cusplets. Lower teeth with erect to oblique narrow serrated cusps and transverse roots. Interdorsal ridge absent. First dorsal fin large, with a rounded apex. Origin of 1st dorsal fin usually over pectoral free rear tips. Inner margin of 1st dorsal fin slightly more or less than half dorsal base. Second dorsal fin large and high, its height 3.4-4.1% of total length, its inner margin short and 0.8-1.1 times its height. Origin of 2nd dorsal fin over anal origin. Length of pectoral fin anterior margins about 18-19% of total length. Total vertebral centra 193-214, precaudal centra 111-122. Colour light brown above, white below. First dorsal fin and ventral caudal lobe with a conspicuous black apical blotch. A conspicuous white band on flank.
This is a common, wideranging tropical Indo-Pacific shark. This species is an active, strong-swimming shark, found near the bottom and midwater in deeper water. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta, number of young 2-4, usually 4. gestation period estimat
Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Indian Ocean including South Africa, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Madagascar to Red Sea, the Gulf, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman, and Maldive Islands. Western Pacific from Thailand to China, including Japan, Taiwan, The Phil
Apparently regularly caught in fisheries where the common inshore shark occurs. The details of its utilization and gear used are limited.
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Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref.
), Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and the Tuamoto Archipelago. North to Japan and south to Australia. Apparently rare or absent in the more easterly groups. Also eastern Mediterranean (through the Suez Canal).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 91 - 120 cm
Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
: 0. A small shark with a short, bluntly rounded snout, oval eyes, and narrow-cusped teeth; 2nd dorsal fin large; no interdorsal ridge (Ref.
). Yellow-brown above, white below; all fins conspicuous with black or dark brown tips also anterior and posterior dark edging on pectoral fins and upper lobe of caudal fin; a prominent black tip of first dorsal fin set off abruptly by a light band below it; a conspicuous dark band on flanks, extending rearward to pelvic fins (Ref.
Inhabits shallow water close inshore on coral reefs and in the intertidal zone (reef flats), near reef drop-offs and close offshore (Ref.
). Also found in mangrove areas, moving in and out with the tide (Ref.
) and even in fresh water, but not in tropical lakes and rivers far from the sea (Ref.
). Occurs singly or in small groups (Ref.
). Prefers fishes but also feeds on crustaceans, cephalopods and other mollusks (Ref.
). Viviparous (Ref.
). May become aggressive to spear fishers and has been reported to bite people wading in shallow water (Ref.
). Reported to cause poisoning (Ref.
). 2 to 4 young of 46 to 52 cm are born per litter (Ref.
). Generally marketed fresh (as fillet), may be dried, salted, smoked (Ref.
) or frozen (Ref.
). Fins are valued for shark-fin soup (Ref.
); liver as source of oil (Ref.
). This species is commonly seen in public aquaria (Ref.
). Maximum reported weight from IGFA was 13.550 kg (Ref.
Viviparous, placental (Ref.
). Litter size 2-4 pups (Ref.
) after an 8-9 months gestation period (up to 16 months in some localities) (Ref.58048). Size at birth ranges from 33-52 cm (Ref.
); 48-50 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref.
). Precopulatory and courtship involve the male closely following near the female's vent which could possibly be guided by their sense of smell (Ref.
, 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref.
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 23.8 - 28.4, mean 27.4 (based on 397 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00239 - 0.00836), b=3.05 (2.90 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; Based on diet studies.
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec=2).
Prior r = 0.26, 95% CL = 0.14 - 0.48, Based on 3 stock assessments.
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Carpenter, Kent E.
Casal, Christine Marie V.
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