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Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller &. Henle, 1839)
PIGEYE SHARK
Estuary Shark; Java Shark; Carcharinus amboinensis Müller and Henle, 1839; Galeolamna spenceri Ogilby, 1911; Carcharias amboinensis Müller and Henle, 1839

Life   Vertebrata   Fish   Carcharhinidae   Carcharhinus


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https://www.fishbase.in/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Carcharhinus&speciesname=amboinensis ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Carcharhinus-amboinensis.html
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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle , 1839)

Pigeye shark Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Carcharhinus amboinensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes (Ground sharks) > Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks)
Etymology: Carcharhinus: Greek, karcharos = sharpen + Greek, rhinos = nose (Ref. 45335 ) .  More on authors: Müller & Henle .

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 9997 ).   Tropical; 26°N - 26°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria. Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964 ), Gulf of Aden, South Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (Ref. 6871 ), and Australia. Also reported from the Mediterranean (Ref. Often confused with sympatric Carcharhinus leucas and Glyphis gangeticus but the three are distinguishable.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m 213.0 , range 198 - 223 cm
Max length : 280 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines : 0; Anal soft rays : 0. A massive shark with a thick-set head, a short, broad and blunt snout, small eyes and large, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth; 1st dorsal fin high and erect, at leas 3.2 times height of 2nd dorsal fin; no interdorsal ridge (Ref. 5578 ). Grayish in color, white below; fins with dusky tips (Ref. 5578 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

An inshore species of the continental and insular shelves, commonly inhabiting shallow waters close inshore, near the surf line and along beaches (Ref. 244 ). May also be found in shallow bays and estuaries, as well as off the open coast but not ascending rivers (Ref. 9997 ). Predominantly demersal but found throughout the water column (Ref. 6871 ). Feeds on pelagic and demersal bony fishes, sharks and rays, squid, shrimps, cuttlefish, octopi, lobsters, gastropods and mammalian carrion (Ref. 5578 , 9997 ). Viviparous (Ref. 50449 ). Potentially dangerous but not recorded in shark attacks to date (Ref. 9997 ). Utilized fresh and dried-salted for human consumption (Ref. 9997 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Viviparous, placental (Ref. 50449 ), with 3 to 13 in a litter (Ref. 9997 ). Size at birth about 43 to 53 cm TL (Ref. 9997 ); 60-70 cm TL (Ref.58048). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Compagno, L.J.V. , 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744 )

  Near Threatened (NT)  ; Date assessed: 01 October 2005

CITES (Ref. 115941 )

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Traumatogenic




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Publication : search ) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
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References
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Tools

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Special reports

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Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969 ): 24.5 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 1396 cells). Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00217 - 0.01054), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.3   ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=3). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Medium .

Entered by Carpenter, Kent E. Modified by Luna, Susan M. Fish Forum
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