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Longtail spiny eel
Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Classification / Names
| Catalog of Fishes (
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Spiny eels) >
Greek, mastax, -agos = bite + Greek, emballo = to throw oneself (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 7.4 - 8.4; dH range: 7 - 30. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref.
Africa: Lake Victoria through Lake Tanganyika and their associated catchment basins to the Upper Zambezi and Okavango Rivers (Ref.
). Also in the upper Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref.
) and Zambia (Ref.
), in the Zambezi in Zimbabwe (Ref.
) and in eastward flowing rivers of Tanzania (Ref.
Size / Weight / Age
range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref.
(total): 29 - 35;
: 67 - 80;
: 95 - 96. Anterior nostril in the form of a short tentacle. Snout produced as a fleshy appendage. The anal fin with 2 separate spines. Color extremely variable, ground color brown with a variable reticulated and blotched pattern (Ref.
Mainly riverine species, but also occurs in lakes near river mouths and in vegetated fringes and in swamps (Ref.
). Also found in rapids where it hides among rocks (Ref.
). Essentially a sedentary fish, nocturnal and usually waiting for its prey to swim or drift within range whereupon fish will dart out of its shelter to seize it (Ref.
). Feeds on aquatic insect larvae (Ref.
), lithophilic insects (Ref.
), fish (Ref.
), shrimps (Ref.
), oligochetes and occasionally vegetable matter (Ref.
). Breeds during flood season, in inundated areas (Ref.
). Eggs yellow and large, probably spawned among water weeds (Ref.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Travers, R.A., G. Eynikel and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde