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Brassica rapa L.
Nabo Mexico; Brassica campestris L Synonym; Turnip; Brassica campestris l

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view

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Brassica rapa, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - juvenile
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - lateral view of flower
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Brassica rapa, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, leaf - on upper stem
Brassica rapa, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, stem - showing leaf bases

Brassica rapa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, leaf - basal or on lower stem
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, whole plant - in flower - general view

Brassica rapa, fruit - lateral or general close-up
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - lateral or general close-up
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Brassica rapa, fruit - as borne on the plant

Brassica rapa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Brassica rapa, seed
Brassica rapa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Brassica rapa, seed

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (5)
Andrenidae  Andrena banksi @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena candida @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Andrena cerasifolii @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Andrena chlorogaster @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena commoda @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (2); UCRC_ENT (8)

Andrena dunningi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena erythrogaster @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena hippotes @ AMNH_BEE (1); UCMS_ENT (9)

Andrena miranda @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Andrena miserabilis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena nasonii @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Andrena nuda @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Andrena perplexa @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena pruni @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena rugosa @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Andrena vicina @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Aphididae  Acyrthosiphon ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Aphis ( @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ AMNH_PBI (7); CSCA_TCN (2)

Cavariella ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis erysimi @ AMNH_PBI (2); NCSU_ENT (5); CSCA_TCN (3)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (4); CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (1); CSCA_TCN (8)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Bombus crotchii @ LACM_ENTB (3)

Bombus insularis @ LACM_ENTB (2)

Bombus melanopygus @ LACM_ENTB (1)

Ceratina mikmaqi @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Braconidae  Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (27)

Diaeretiella @ AMNH_PBI (6)
Ceratostomataceae  Melanospora zamiae @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ UCMS_ENT (8)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Delphacidae  Delphacodes albolineosa @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Delphacodes @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Dermateaceae  Cylindrosporium brassicae @ BPI (2)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cichoracearum @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ BPI (1)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum higginsianum @ BPI (11)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Halictus rubicundus @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum ephialtum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ UCMS_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum smilacinae @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum weemsi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Lygaeidae  Neacoryphus bicrucis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Nysius ericae @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Nysius @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis hypocrita @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia lignaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Membracidae  Spissistilus festinus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Miridae  Ceratocapsus punctulatus @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora bloxami @ BPI (2)

Cercospora brassicicola @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella albomaculans @ BPI (8)
Pentatomidae  Euschistus servus @ MEMU_ENT (9)

Holcostethus limbolarius @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Nezara viridula @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (2)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (14)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (10)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (4)

Alternaria tenuis @ 446917A (1); 446917B (1); 446917C (1)

Alternaria @ BPI (1)

Curvularia pallescens @ BPI (2)

Epicoccum nigrum @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium herculeum @ BPI (1)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia subnitens @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (2)
_  Periola tomentosa @ BPI (1)

unknown unknown @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Brassica rapa L. ( Brassica campestris , Brassica septiceps ) Bird's Rape
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Brassica rapa
Carousel Farm Park
April 2001 Brassica rapa
Limestone Road
April 2011 Brassica rapa
April 2011

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BRRA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BRRA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BRRA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BRRA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Brassica rapa L.
field mustard

Image of Brassica rapa

General Information
Symbol: BRRA
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
GL   I
HI   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   


click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Brassica thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Carole Ritchie. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Sweden, Svalof. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. Usage Requirements .




Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Brassica L. – mustard
Species Brassica rapa L. – field mustard

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Brassica rapa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Brassica rapa</i>
L. var. <i>
Tanaka & Ono
Brassica rapa var. amplexicaulis
field mustard Distribution of <i>
Brassica rapa</i>
L. var. <i>
(Roxb. ex Fleming) Kitam.
Brassica rapa var. dichotoma
toria Distribution of <i>
Brassica rapa</i>
L. var. <i>
rapa </i>
Brassica rapa var. rapa
field mustard Distribution of <i>
Brassica rapa</i>
L. var. <i>
(Lam.) Briggs
Brassica rapa var. silvestris
colza Distribution of <i>
Brassica rapa</i>
L. var. <i>
(Roxb.) Kitam.
Brassica rapa var. trilocularis
yellow sarson

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Michigan Brassica
mustard Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Brassica Brassica rapa bird's rape birdsrape mustard field mustard wild mustard wild rutabaga wild turnip This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii UPL
North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Great Plains UPL
Midwest UPL
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BRRA)
CalPhotos (BRRA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRRA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BRRA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (BRRA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BRRA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (BRRA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BRRA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BRRA)



Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds


Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover

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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422, 423 , 424 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

7. Brassica rapa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 666. 1753.

Bird-rape, wild-rape, rapeseed, canola, turnip, wild-turnip, turnip-rape, field-mustard

Brassica campestris Linnaeus; B. campestris var. oleifera de Candolle; B. chinensis Linnaeus; B. pekinensis (Loureiro) Ruprecht; B. rapa subsp. chinensis (Linnaeus) Hanelt; B. rapa subsp. pekinensis (Loureiro) Hanelt; Sinapis pekinensis Loureiro

Annuals or biennials; (roots fleshy or slender); (green to slightly glaucous), glabrous or sparsely hairy. Stems unbranched or branched distally, 3-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole (winged), (1-)2-10(-17) cm; blade ± lyrate-pinnatifid to pinnate to pinnatisect, (5-)10-40(-60) cm × 30-100(-200) mm, (margins sinuate-dentate, sometimes ciliate), lobes 2-4(-6) each side, (terminal lobe oblong-obovate, obtuse, large, blade surfaces usually setose). Cauline leaves (middle and distal) sessile; base auriculate to amplexicaul, (margins subentire). Racemes not paniculately branched, (with open flowers overtopping or equal to buds). Fruiting pedicels ascending to spreading, (5-)10-25(-30) mm. Flowers: sepals (3-)4-6.5(-8) × 1.5-2 mm; petals deep yellow to yellow, obovate, 6-11(-13) × (2.5-)3-6(-7) mm, claw 3-7 mm, apex rounded; filaments 4-6(-7) mm; anthers 1.5-2 mm. Fruits ascending to somewhat spreading, torulose, terete, (2-)3-8(-11) cm × 2-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 8-15 seeds per locule, (1.3-)2-5(-7.5) cm, terminal segment seedless, 8-22 mm. Seeds black, brown, or reddish, 1.1-2 mm diam.; seed coat very finely reticulate-lightly alveolate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 20.

Flowering Apr-Sep. Roadsides, disturbed areas and waste places, cultivated fields, grain fields, orchards, gardens; 0-1500 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon; Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Atlantic Islands, Australia.

Brassica rapa is widely cultivated as an oil crop and vegetable, and cultivars, especially in Asia, have been recognized as species, subspecies, and varieties. The most important crops include: rapeseed or canola, turnip (subsp. rapa ), Chinese mustard or pakchoi [subsp. chinensis (Linnaeus) Hanelt], and Chinese cabbage or petsai [subsp. pekinensis (Loureiro) Hanelt]. The species is also a widespread naturalized weed [subsp. sylvestris (Linnaeus) Janchen] throughout temperate North America and elsewhere. It is self-incompatible. Hybridization in the field in Europe has been described between B. napus and B. rapa (R. B. Jørgensen and B. Andersen 1994).

Updated: 2020-08-14 07:47:36 gmt
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