Brassica oleracea L.
WILD CABBAGE
  Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Brassica

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Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, flower
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 9
Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, flower

Click on map or images to enlarge.
 
Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, leaf
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 8
Brassica oleracea, Broccoli, leaf

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea

Brassica oleracea var oleracea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Brassica oleracea var oleracea
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IDnature guide
Names
Scientific source:

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Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma brassicae @ BPI (2)

Phoma oleracea @ BPI (5)

Phoma rabenhorstii @ BPI (1)

Phoma siliquastrum @ BPI (1)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (5)
Aleyrodidae  Aleyrodes proletella @ CSCA_TCN (11)

Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (10)

Bemisia @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena nuda @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia @ UCRC_ENT (4)

Encarsia coquilletti @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Encarsia luteola @ UCRC_ENTA (21)

Encarsia meritoria @ UCRC_ENTA (130)

Encarsia @ UCRC_ENTA (22)

Eretmocerus emiratus @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus emiratus? @ UCRC_ENTA (5)

Eretmocerus hayati? @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (5)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (2)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (6)

Eretmocerus mundus? @ UCRC_ENTA (8)

Eretmocerus nr @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_pakistan? @ UCRC_ENTA (1)

Eretmocerus sp_uae @ UCRC_ENTA (3)

Eretmocerus tejanus @ UCRC_ENT (6)

Eretmocerus @ UCRC_ENTA (7)
Aphididae  Brachycaudus ( @ CSCA_TCN (7)

Brevicoryne brassicae @ AMNH_PBI (8); CSCA_TCN (12)

Cavariella ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Lipaphis erysimi @ NCSU_ENT (8); CSCA_TCN (5)

Lipaphis pseudobrassicae @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ AMNH_PBI (4); CSCA_TCN (1)
Apidae  Xylocopa micans @ BBSL (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Phyllosticta brassicae @ BPI (3)

Phyllosticta brassicicola @ BPI (3)
Braconidae  Diaeretiella rapae @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Diaeretiella @ AMNH_PBI (44)
Ceratobasidiaceae  Rhizoctonia solani @ BPI (3)
Chaetosphaerellaceae  Cladotrichum brassicae @ BPI (5)
Chlamydomonadaceae  Sphaerella brassicicola @ BPI (1)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hylaeus mesillae @ UCRC_ENT (1)
Corticiaceae  Corticium vagum @ BPI (1)

Rhizoctonia brassicarum @ BPI (1)

Rhizoctonia @ BPI (3)
Davidiellaceae  Cladosporium herbarum @ BPI (2)

Cladosporium @ BPI (1)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium concentricum @ BPI (2)
Diaporthaceae  Diaporthe coramblicola @ BPI (1)

Diaporthe incrustans @ BPI (1)

Phomopsis lingam @ BPI (1)
Diatrypaceae  Diatrype brassicae @ BPI (1)
Entomophthoraceae  Empusa aphidis @ BPI (1)

Erynia pieris @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Erysiphe cruciferarum @ BPI (1)

Erysiphe polygoni @ 564480A (1); BPI (1); 564480B (1)

Oidium fusisporioides @ BPI (1)

Oidium @ BPI (1)
Fomitopsidaceae  Sporotrichum lateritium @ BPI (2)
Glomerellaceae  Colletotrichum dematium @ BPI (1)

Glomerella cingulata @ BPI (1)
Halictidae  Halictus confusus @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum weemsi @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Hypocreaceae  Trichoderma brassicae @ BPI (1)
Lasiosphaeriaceae  Podospora brassicae @ BPI (1)
Leptosphaeriaceae  Coniothyrium crepinianum @ BPI (1)

Coniothyrium minitans @ BPI (1)
Mucoraceae  Mucor @ BPI (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora beticola @ BPI (1)

Cercospora bloxami @ BPI (5)

Cercospora brassicae @ BPI (1)

Cercospora brassicicola @ BPI (3)

Cercospora @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella albomaculans @ BPI (1)

Cercosporella brassicae @ BPI (2)

Mycosphaerella brassicicola @ BPI (15)
Nectriaceae  Fusarium conglutinans @ BPI (8)

Fusarium roseum @ BPI (1)

Fusarium sulphureum @ BPI (1)

Fusarium @ BPI (1)

Nectria brassicae @ BPI (1)

Tubercularia vulgaris @ BPI (1)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (3); MEMU_ENT (20)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora brassicae @ BPI (12)

Peronospora oleracea @ BPI (1)

Peronospora parasitica @ 446129B (1); BPI (68)
Pleomassariaceae  Helminthosporium brassicae @ BPI (1)

Helminthosporium rhopaloides @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Alternaria brassicae @ BPI (71); 446129A (1)

Alternaria brassicicola @ BPI (3)

Alternaria brassicinae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria broccoli-italicae @ BPI (1)

Alternaria consortialis @ BPI (1)

Alternaria herculea @ BPI (1)

Alternaria oleracea @ BPI (3)

Alternaria tenuis @ BPI (2)

Alternaria @ BPI (8)

Dendryphion curtum @ BPI (1)

Dendryphion nitidum @ BPI (2)

Leptosphaerulina @ BPI (1)

Macrosporium brassicae @ BPI (3)

Macrosporium commune @ BPI (2)

Pleospora coronata @ BPI (1)
Pythiaceae  Pythium debaryanum @ BPI (1)
Sclerotiniaceae  Botrytis cinerea @ BPI (2)

Botrytis vulgaris @ BPI (3)

Ciboria @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia fuckeliana @ BPI (1)

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum @ BPI (4)

Sclerotinia @ BPI (1)
Sordariaceae  Sordaria brassicae @ BPI (1)
Steccherinaceae  Odontia brassicicola @ BPI (1)
Stereaceae  Stereum albobadium @ BPI (2)
Tingidae  Gargaphia solani @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Trichocomaceae  Aspergillus flavus @ BPI (2)
Tricholomataceae  Helotium herbarum @ BPI (1)
Typhulaceae  Apiosporium brassicae @ BPI (2)

Sclerotium semen @ BPI (2)

Sclerotium varium @ BPI (3)

Sclerotium @ 456233A (1); 456233B (1); 456233C (1)
Valsaceae  Asteroma brassicae @ BPI (1)
Xylariaceae  Sphaeria brassicae @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria brassicicola @ BPI (1)

Sphaeria lingam @ BPI (1)
_  Chaetomella viridescens @ BPI (1)

Phoma lingam @ BPI (16)

Phymatotrichum @ BPI (1)

Plenodomus lingam @ 360911A (1); BPI (6); 360911B (1)

Trichothecium roseum @ BPI (1)

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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Following modified from Flora of North America
   
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 420, 422, 423 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Brassica

6. Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 667. 1753.

Cabbage

Brassica alboglabra L. H. Bailey

Biennials or perennials; (with slender taproot or woody caudex, becoming suffrutescent and covered with conspicuous leaf scars); (glaucous), glabrous. Stems branched distally, 5-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 30 cm; blade oblong or obovate, to 45 cm × 150 mm, (fleshy), blades pinnatifid or margins dentate. Cauline leaves (distal) sessile; blade (oblong to lanceolate), base auriculate and amplexicaul, (margins entire). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, (8-)14-25(-40) mm. Flowers: sepals 8-15 × 1.5-2.7 mm; petals yellow, white, or lemon yellow, ovate or elliptic, (15-)18-25(-30) × (6-) 8-12 mm, claw 7-15 mm, apex rounded; filaments 8-12 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits spreading to ascending, smooth, ± 4-angled or subterete, (2.5-)5-8(-10) cm × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 10-20 seeds per locule, (2-)3-7.5(-9) cm, terminal segment usually seedless, rarely 1 or 2-seeded, (conic), (3-)4-10 mm. Seeds brown, 1.7-2.5 mm diam.; seed coat reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2 n = 18.

Flowering May-Aug. Maritime slopes or sea-facing cliffs, weedy escape, gardens, abandoned fields, waste places; 0-100 m; introduced; Nfld. and Labr., Ont., P.E.I., Que.; Calif., Conn., Ill., Iowa, Ky., Mass., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tex., Vt.; Europe; Asia; Africa; introduced also in Australia.

Brassica oleracea is widely cultivated worldwide as a vegetable crop, and its various forms are generally recognized as varieties instead of subspecies; these include var. acephala de Candolle (kale and collards), var. botrytis Linnaeus (cauliflower), var. capitata Linnaeus (cabbage), var. gemmifera Zenk (Brussels sprouts), var. gongylodes Linnaeus (kohlrabi), and var. italica Plenk (broccoli). It also occurs sporadically as a weedy escape from cultivation and seems unlikely to persist for long periods of time. It is reported to be naturalized on coastal cliffs (maritime slopes) in the northern Central Coastal Region and the central and southern North Coastal Region in California (Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties) (J. T. Howell et al. 1958; Howell 1970; H. G. Baker 1972; R. C. Rollins 1993b).

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