Click on map for details about points.
Top | See original
Following modified from FishBase
|http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Atherina&speciesname=boyeri ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Atherina-boyeri.html|
http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Atherina-boyeri.html ---> https://www.fishbase.in/summary/Atherina-boyeri.html
Big-scale sand smelt
Add your observation in
Common name (e.g. trout)
Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) >
(Silversides) > Atherininae
Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref.
. More on author:
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref.
); depth range 1 - ? m. Subtropical; 53°N - 20°N, 18°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Spain to Nouadhibou in Mauritania and Madeira, and throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Isolated populations on coasts of England and the Netherlands (Ref.
). Previously, two subspecies were recognized in Russian waters:
Atherina boyeri pontica
(Eichwald, 1838) from the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and
Atherina boyeri caspia
(Eichwald, 1838) from the Caspian Sea (Ref.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref.
); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref.
(total): 7 - 10;
: 10 - 18. Eye diameter wider than snout length (Ref.
A very euryhaline species, where adults are frequently found in brackish waters and more sporadically in freshwater (Ref.
), preferring still or slow flowing waters in freshwater (Ref.
). They are found in lower parts of rivers, estuaries, coastal lakes and sea; pelagic in lakes (Ref.
). Adults occur in great schools. They are carnivorous, feeding on small crustaceans, worms, mollusks (Ref.
) and fish larvae (Ref.
) in lakes and estuaries, and on benthos in rivers (Ref.
). Can usually live 1 to 2 years, rarely up to 4 years. Some populations undergo spawning migrations into estuaries. Mature individuals are fractional spawners, larger individuals spawn for a longer period. Eggs are demersal, with long hairy appendages attaching them to the substrate consisting of filamentous algae, often at depths of 2 to 6 m. Larvae are pelagic often forming schools close to the shores (Ref.
, 1990. Atherinidae. p. 604-605. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref.
IUCN Red List Status (Ref.
Least Concern (LC)
; Date assessed:
01 January 2008
Threat to humans
; publication :
Sea Around Us
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Check for Aquarium maintenance
Check for Species Fact Sheets
Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets
Alien/Invasive Species database
Websites from users
Catalog of Fishes
| IGFA World Record |
Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes
| Reef Life Survey |
Tree of Life
) | World Records Freshwater Fishing |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref.
): 13.9 - 21, mean 18.3 (based on 136 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref.
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00454 - 0.00665), b=3.07 (3.01 - 3.13), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref.
Trophic Level (Ref.
): 3.2 ±0.36 se; Based on food items.
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.8; tm=1; tmax=4;).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.38 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Price category (Ref.
Luna, Susan M.
Sign our Guest Book
Back to Search
Back to Top
FishBase mirror site :
Page last modified by :
- 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 1.6645 seconds
Updated: 2019-10-19 12:08:31 gmt