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Armillaria mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm.
Life   Fungi   Basidiomycota   Marasmiaceae   Armillaria

Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea

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Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea

Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea

Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea s.l.

Armillaria mellea s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea s.l.
Armillaria mellea s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea s.l.

Armillaria mellea s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea s.l.
Armillaria mellea s.l.
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea s.l.

Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea

Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Armillaria mellea

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aceraceae  Acer negundo @ BPI (1)

Acer rubrum @ BPI (1)

Acer saccharinum @ BPI (2)

Acer sp @ BPI (2)
Apiaceae  Daucus carota @ BPI (1)
Betulaceae  Alnus tenuifolia @ BPI (1)

Betula lutea @ BPI (2)

Betula papyrifera @ BPI (2)

Betula sp @ BPI (2)

Carpinus betulinus @ BPI (1)
Cornaceae  Cornus sp @ BPI (1)
Cupressaceae  Chamaecyparis sp @ BPI (1)

Juniperus communis @ BPI (1)

Thuja plicata @ BPI (5)

Thuja sp @ BPI (1)
Fabaceae  Acacia sp @ BPI (1)

Glycine priceana @ BPI (1)
Fagaceae  Castanea dentata @ BPI (1)

Fagus sp @ BPI (2)

Fagus sylvatica @ BPI (1)

Quercus agrifolia @ BPI (8)

Quercus alba @ BPI (2)

Quercus sp @ BPI (8)
Juglandaceae  Carya sp @ BPI (1)
Lauraceae  Umbellularia californica @ BPI (1)
Paeoniaceae  Paeonia sp @ BPI (1)
Pinaceae  Abies balsamea @ BPI (2)

Abies concolor @ BPI (2)

Abies excelsa @ BPI (1)

Abies grandis @ BPI (1)

Abies lasiocarpa @ BPI (1)

Abies magnifica @ BPI (1)

Larix leptolepis @ BPI (1)

Larix occidentalis @ BPI (3)

Picea excelsa @ BPI (2)

Picea nigra @ BPI (1)

Picea rubra @ BPI (4)

Pinus banksiana @ BPI (1)

Pinus contorta @ BPI (1)

Pinus echinata @ BPI (1)

Pinus flexilis @ BPI (1)

Pinus montana @ BPI (1)

Pinus monticola @ BPI (1)

Pinus ponderosa @ BPI (4)

Pinus resinosa @ BPI (2)

Pinus silvestris @ BPI (1)

Pinus strobus @ BPI (2)

Pinus sylvestris @ BPI (1)

Pseudotsuga taxifolia @ BPI (6)

Tsuga canadensis @ BPI (2)

Tsuga heterophylla @ BPI (3)

Tsuga sp @ BPI (1)
Poaceae  Arundo donax @ BPI (3)
Polycitoridae  Salix sp @ BPI (2)
Rosaceae  Prunus persica @ BPI (1)

Prunus sp @ BPI (2)

Pyrus malus @ BPI (5)
Rubiaceae  Cinchona sp @ BPI (1)
Salicaceae  Populus tremuloides @ BPI (1)
Sapindaceae  Negundo californicum @ BPI (1)
Ulmaceae  Ulmus americana @ BPI (1)

Ulmus sp @ BPI (1)
_  Substrate @ BPI (172)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Cordycipitaceae  Isaria brachiata @ BPI (1)
Endomycetaceae  Endomyces decipiens @ BPI (1)
Hypocreaceae  Diplocladium minus @ BPI (1)
Orbiliaceae  Dactylium dendroides @ BPI (1)

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California Fungi—Armillaria mellea Armillaria mellea
(Photo: © Fred Stevens)

Armillaria mellea (Vahl.: Fries) Quélet
Champ. Jura Vosg. 1: 75. 1872.

Common Name: honey mushroom

Synonym: Armillariella mellea (Vahl) P. Karst.

  • Pileus

    Cap 3-13 cm broad, convex at first, becoming nearly plane, sometimes broadly umbonate at maturity, margin finely striate; color varying from yellowish-brown to reddish-brown, the disc darker with fine hair or scales; surface viscid when moist; odor mild, taste acrid.

  • Lamellae

    Gills white to pallid, adnate to subdecurrent, sometimes notched, developing reddish-brown stains in age.

  • Stipe

    Stipe 5-17 cm long, 0.5-3.0 cm thick, tapering towards the base when growing in clusters, enlarged to bulbous at the base when growing apart; tough, fibrous; partial veil cottony forming a superior ring; pallid above the ring, yellowish-brown to reddish-brown below.

  • Spores

    Spores 7-9.5 x 5-7 µm, smooth, elliptical, nonamyloid. Spore print white.

  • Habitat

    Fruiting typically in large clusters, but sometimes singly on wood or buried wood of mainly hardwoods. Appearing soon after the first fall rains with continued fruitings through mid-winter.

  • Edibility

    Edible Edible and considered good by many. The button stage is usually collected for the table, the fibrous stipes discarded, although the peeled stipe may be the best part of this fungus for the table. The acrid or bitter taste of fresh specimens disappears with cooking. Note that some people suffer digestive upsets from this mushroom.

  • Comments

    The Honey Mushroom (in the broad sense) is actually a complex of species, some of which are saprophytic, others parasitic on trees and shrubs causing serious economic losses. Rhizomorphs, thickened strands of mycelium, which aid in the spread of the fungus, can sometimes be seen under the bark of affected trees. The Honey Mushroom possesses several easy to recognize morphological features: a clustered fruiting habit on wood or buried wood, cap with a dark central disc covered with fine hairs or scales, gills with rusty spots in age, and a tough fibrous stipe with a ring.

  • References

    Ammirati, J.F., Traquair, J.A. & Horgen, P.A. (1985). Poisonous Mushrooms of the Northern United States and Canada. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis, MN. 396 p.
    Arora, D. (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press: Berkeley, CA. 959 p.
    Bas, C., Kyper, T.W., Noordeloos, M.E. & Vellinga, E.C. (1995). Flora Agaricina Neerlandica—Critical monographs on the families of agarics and boleti occuring in the Netherlands. Volume 3. Tricholomataceae. A. A. Balkema: Rotterdam, Netherlands. 183 p.
    Breitenbach, J. & Kränzlin, F . (1991). Fungi of Switzerland. Volume 3: Boletes and Agarics (1st Part). Strobilomycetaceae, Boletaceae, Paxillaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Hygrophoraceae, Tricholomataceae, Polyporaceae (lamellate). Verlag Mykologia: Luzern, Switzerland. 361 p.
    Desjardin, D.E., Wood, M.G. & Stevens, F.A. (2015). California Mushrooms: The Comprehensive Identification Guide. Timber Press: Portland, OR. 560 p.
    Gilbertson, R.L. (1974). Fungi That Decay Ponderosa Pine. University of Arizona Press: Tuscon, AZ. 197 p.
    Hotson, H.H. (1940). The Genus Armillaria in Western Washington. Mycologia 32(6): 776-790.
    Knudsen, H. & Vesterholt, J. ed. (2008). Funga Nordica: Agaricoid, boletoid and cyphelloid genera. 965 p.
    Lindsey, J.P. & Gilbertson, R.L. (1978). Basidiomycetes that Decay Aspen in North America. J. Cramer: Vaduz. 406 p.
    Siegel, N. & Schwarz, C. (2016). Mushrooms of the Redwood Coast. Ten Speed Press: Berkeley, CA. 601 p.
    Smith, A.H. (1949). Mushrooms in their Natural Habitats. Sawyer's Inc: Portland, OR. 626 p.
    Thiers, H.D. & Sundberg, W.J. (1976). Armillaria (Tricholomataceae, Agaricales) in the Western United States including a new species from California. Madroño 23: 448-453.
    Watling, R., Kile, G.A. & Gregory, N.M. (1982). The genus Armillaria —Nomenclature, Typification, the identity of Armillarea mellea and species differentiation. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 78(2): 271-285.

  • Other Descriptions and Photos Main Photo
    • Pilze, Pilze, Pilze: Armillaria mellea (CP)
    • Ammirati et al. : p. 234 (D), fig 122 (I), fig. 184 (CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • Arora (1986): p. 196 (D), p. 197 (P), plates 39, 42 (CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • Arora (1991): p. 80 (D & CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • Benjamin: p. 358 (Toxicity info), plate 20 (CP)
    • Fischer & Bessette: p. 84 (D & CP), p. 85 (CP)
    • Jordan: p. 141 (D & CP)
    • Lincoff: p. 736 (D), plates 182, 206 (CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • McKenny et al. : p. 45 (D & CP)
    • Miller: sp. 102 (D & CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • Phillips: p. 36 (D), p. 37 (CP) [ Armillariella mellea ]
    • Smith: sp. 101 (D & CP)
    • Smith & Weber: sp. 97 (D & CP)

    (D=Description; I=Illustration; P=Photo; CP=Color Photo)

The Fungi of California
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