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Anemone acutiloba (de Candolle)
SHARPLOBE HEPATICA
Liverleaf; Hepatica nobilis; Hepatica acutiloba; Hepatica americana

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Ranunculaceae   Anemone

Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 10
Anemone acutiloba

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Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 10
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 6
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 3
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 3
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 2
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 2
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© John Pickering, 2004-2019 · 2
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Anemone acutiloba

Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone acutiloba
© Copyright Ron Lance 2010 · 1
Anemone acutiloba

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Dermateaceae  Gloeosporium hepaticae @ BPI (1)
Peronosporaceae  Plasmopara pygmaea @ BPI (3)
Urocystaceae  Urocystis anemones @ BPI (5)
Uropyxidaceae  Aecidium hepaticatum @ BPI (3)

Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae @ BPI (1)

Tranzschelia punctata @ BPI (1)

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Hepatica nobilis Schreb. var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm.
sharplobe hepatica

Image of Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

General Information
Symbol: HENOA
Group: Dicot
Family: Ranunculaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Data Source and Documentation
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Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Hepatica thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Dixon, Wapsi River. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. 2001. Usage Requirements .

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Elaine Haug. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany . United States, VA, Glouchester. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 101. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
ANAC10 Anemone acutiloba (DC.) G. Lawson
HEAC7 Hepatica acuta (Pursh) Britton
HEAC4 Hepatica acutiloba DC.
HETRA Hepatica triloba Chaix var. acuta Pursh

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Magnoliidae
Order Ranunculales
Family Ranunculaceae – Buttercup family
Genus Hepatica Mill. – hepatica
Species Hepatica nobilis Schreb. – hepatica
Variety Hepatica nobilis Schreb. var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm. – sharplobe hepatica

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Connecticut Hepatica acutiloba
sharp-lobed hepatica Threatened
Florida liverleaf Endangered
Maine sharp-lobed hepatica Possibly Extirpated

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (HENOA)
CalPhotos (HENOA)
Flora of North America (HENOA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HEAC4)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HEAC7)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HENOA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (HETRA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (HENOA)
Native Plants Network (HENOA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (HENOA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (HENOA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (HENOA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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24. Anemone acutiloba (de Candolle) G. Lawson, Proc. & Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada. 2(4): 30. 1884.

Sharp-lobed hepatica, anémone à lobes aigus, hépatique à lobes aigus

Hepatica acutiloba de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 22. 1824; H . acuta (Pursh) Britton; H . nobilis Miller var. acuta (Pursh) Steyermark; H . triloba Chaix var. acuta Pursh; H . triloba var. acutiloba (de Candolle) Warner

Aerial shoots 5-19 cm, from rhizomes, rhizomes ascending to horizontal. Basal leaves 3-15, often purplish abaxially, simple, deeply divided; petiole 3-19 cm; leaf blade widely orbiculate, 1.3-8 × 1.8- -11.5 cm, base cordate, margins entire, apex acute or acuminate, surfaces strongly villous to glabrescent; lobes 3(-5), deltate, 0.7-4 cm wide; middle lobe 70-90% of total blade length. Inflorescences 1-flowered, villous to pilose; involucral bracts 3, 1-tiered, simple, dissimilar to basal leaves, lanceolate to ovate, 0.53-1.8 × 0.27-0.95 cm, sessile, calyx-like, closely subtending flowers, bases distinct, cuneate, margins entire, apex acute, strongly villous to glabrescent. Flowers: sepals 5-12, white to pink or bluish, ovate to obovate, 6-14.6 × 2.2-5.8 mm, glabrous; petals absent; stamens 10-30. Heads of achenes spheric; pedicel 0.1-0.4 cm. Achenes: body narrowly ovoid, 3.5-4.7 × 1.3-1.9 mm, slightly winged, hispid, gradually tapering; beak indistinct. 2 n =14.

Flowering spring. Deciduous woods, often in calcareous soils; 0-1200 m; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

In North America, Anemone acutiloba and A . americana are sufficiently well differentiated to enable the distinction of the two species. Some intermediates do occur but it is uncertain as to whether these are true intermediates or hybrids. The fact that the two species are highly sympatric and still maintain their differences implies that they should still be recognized as distinctive species (see G.L. Stebbins 1993).

The two North American species formerly placed in Hepatica are closely allied to the Eurasian Anemone hepatica Linnaeus [= Hepatica nobilis Miller, Hepatica hepatica (Linnaeus) Karst]. Among European collections, plants approach either A . acutiloba or A . americana in leaf morphology, but some intermediates are found (J. A. Steyermark and C. S. Steyermark 1960). North American plants differ from A . hepatica in having narrower sepals, larger involucral bracts, and shorter and less pubescent scapes. Further research, including a comparative study of breeding systems, is needed to clarify the relationship between Anemone hepatica , A . acutiloba , and A . americana . Pending such work, the eastern North American hepaticas are here recognized as distinct species.

D. E. Moerman (1986) lists Hepatica acutiloba as one of the plants used medicinally by Native Americans in the treatment of abdominal pains, poor digestion, and constipation, as a wash for "twisted mouth or crossed eyes," and as a gynecological aid.

Updated: 2020-08-05 06:27:19 gmt
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