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Allium vineale L.
WILD ONION
Allium vineale var vineale; Wild garlic

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Allium

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Allium vineale
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Allium vineale

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Allium vineale, stem - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - unspecified
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile

Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases

Allium vineale, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, leaf - on upper stem
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Allium vineale, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - in flower - general view
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
Allium vineale, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Allium vineale
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 3
Allium vineale

Allium vineale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Allium vineale
Allium vineale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Allium vineale

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora allii-fragilis @ BPI (1)

Melampsora salicis-albae @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Labopidea allii @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Labopidea lenensis @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Lindbergocapsus allii @ MEMU_ENT (22)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium allii @ BPI (3)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia allii @ BPI (1)

Puccinia porri @ BPI (5)

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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Allium vineale L. Field Garlic
Alliaceae — Onion family
Non-native
Allium vineale
Lums Pond State Park
June 2002 Allium vineale
Brandywine Creek State Park
June 2002

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Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Allium vineale L.
wild garlic

Image of Allium vineale

General Information
Symbol: ALVI
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Allium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Carlin. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 499. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Allium L. – onion
Species Allium vineale L. – wild garlic

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Allium vineale . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
compactum</i>
(Thuill.) Coss. & Germ.
Allium vineale ssp. compactum
compact onion Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
kochii</i>
(Lange) K. Richt. [excluded]
Allium vineale ssp. kochii
Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
vineale </i>
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
wild garlic

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Allium
wild onion, wild garlic Noxious weed
California wild garlic B list (noxious weeds)
Hawaii wild garlic Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Allium Allium vineale field garlic wild garlic This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ALVI)
CalPhotos (ALVI)
Flora of North America (ALVI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALVI)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ALVI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ALVI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ALVI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ALVI)
Related Websites
Australia Tasmania Department of Primary Industries (ALVI)
VA-Virginia Tech Weed ID (ALVI)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (ALVI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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FNA Vol. 26 Page 226, 237 , 238 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Allium

5. Allium vineale Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 299. 1753.

Bulbs 5—20, clustered, stipitate, hard-shelled, asymmetric, ovoid, 1—2 × 1—2 cm; outer coats enclosing bulbs, brownish to yellowish, membranous, vertically striate, splitting into parallel strips and fibers, cells arranged in ± wavy rows, vertical; inner coats white to light brown, cells obscure, vertically elongate. Leaves persistent, green at anthesis, 2—4, sheathing at least proximal 1/2 scape; blade hollow below middle, terete, cylindric or filiform, not carinate, 20—60 cm × 2—4 mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, terete, 30—120 cm × 1.5—4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, ± compact, 0—50-flowered, subglobose to ovoid or hemispheric, flowering pedicels all or in part replaced by bulbils; bulbils sessile, basally narrowed, 4—6 × 2—3 mm; spathe bract caducous, 1, 2—several-veined, ovate, apex caudate, beaked, beak ± equaling or longer than base. Flowers campanulate, 3—4 mm; tepals erect, greenish to purple, elliptic-lanceolate, ± equal, withering in fruit, margins entire, apex obtuse; stamens exserted, outer 3 filaments without appendages, inner 3 filaments with 2 prominent lateral appendages; anthers purple; pollen white; ovary crestless; style exserted, linear, ± equaling stamen; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened, unlobed; flowering pedicel 10—20 mm. Seed coat shining; cells smooth. 2n = 32, 40.

Flowering Jun--Aug. Disturbed areas often adjacent to agricultural lands; 0--700 m; introduced; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind. Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.; Europe.

Allium vineale is also expected to be found in Wisconsin and Texas; specimens were not seen. It is a noxious weed, apparently introduced from Europe in colonial times. The small, wheat-sized bulbils frequently contaminated wheat grown in infested areas. Bread made from such wheat was garlic-flavored, and cows grazing in infested pastures produce garlic-flavored milk.

Updated: 2020-05-31 07:27:48 gmt
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