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Allium vineale L.
WILD ONION
Allium vineale var vineale; Wild garlic

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Liliaceae   Allium

Allium vineale
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 5
Allium vineale

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Allium vineale, stem - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - unspecified
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile

Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - juvenile
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases

Allium vineale, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, leaf - on upper stem
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Allium vineale, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, whole plant - in flower - general view
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, stem - showing leaf bases
Allium vineale, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Allium vineale, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Allium vineale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Allium vineale

Allium vineale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Allium vineale
Allium vineale
© Copyright Malcolm Storey 2011-2118 · 3
Allium vineale

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Melampsoraceae  Melampsora allii-fragilis @ BPI (1)

Melampsora salicis-albae @ BPI (1)
Miridae  Labopidea allii @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Labopidea lenensis @ AMNH_PBI (12)

Lindbergocapsus allii @ MEMU_ENT (22)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Heterosporium allii @ BPI (3)
Pucciniaceae  Puccinia allii @ BPI (1)

Puccinia porri @ BPI (5)

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Allium vineale  L.

Field Garlic

Allium vineale plant

Family - Liliaceae

Habit - Perennial forb from a bulb.

Stems - Bulbs 1-2 cm long, ovoid to nearly globose, the outer coat smooth and papery. Aerial stems erect, to 1 m, not inflated.

Alium vineale bulb Bulb with papery coating.

Allium vineale bulb
Bulb with coating removed. Arrows indicate the flat-sided propogative bulblets.

Leaves - Leaves in the lower 1/3-1/2 of the aerial stems, 10-30 cm long, 1-2 mm in diameter, terete, hollow, linear, the sheaths green to white.

Allium vineale sheath Apex of leaf sheath.

Inflorescences - Terminal umbels of numerous flowers, with some or all of the flower replaced by sessile bulblets. Flower stalks much longer than the flowers.

Flowers - Perianth tubular, the sepals and petals 3-5 mm long, narrowly ovate-triangular, pointed, purplish pink to white or greenish white.

Allium vineale bulblets Bulblets of the inflorescence.

Allium vineale flowers2 Flowers and bulblets.

Allium vineale flowers3 Flowers.

Fruits - Capsules 3-5 mm long, narrowly ovoid, trigonous to somewhat 3-lobed, the angles or lobes with a thickened ridge.

Flowering - May - July.

Habitat - Disturbed sites, forest margins, pastures, cultivated fields, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Europe and Asia.

Other info. - This weedy species can be found throughout most of Missouri and is probably undercollected and more common than the dot map suggests. The plant is a pest in agricultural fields. It will impart an oniony flavor to the milk of cows which graze upon it, and the bulblets can contaminate grain harvests.

The plant resembles other species in the Allium genus, but can be confidently identified in the field by the following characteristics: round, hollow leaves which occur along the flowering stem; flowers being completely or partially replaced by bulblets; flowers, when present, tubular in shape. During the early spring this plant is seen as a mass of thin, bright green, tubular leaves. Later in the season a few main stalks will enlarge and flower. The bulblets of the inflorescence will often sprout while still on the plant, as shown in the species image above. Mature plants often have a bluish cast to the foliage.

The bulbs and leaves of A. vineale are edible when young, and have a strong garlic flavor.

Photographs taken off Providence Rd., Columbia, MO., 5-29-04 (DETenaglia); also at Robertsville State Park, Franklin County, MO, 7-4-2015 (SRTurner).


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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Allium vineale L. Field Garlic
Alliaceae — Onion family
Non-native
Allium vineale
Lums Pond State Park
June 2002 Allium vineale
Brandywine Creek State Park
June 2002

Search Google Delaware USDA

Photos copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALVI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ALVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ALVI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Allium vineale L.
wild garlic

Image of Allium vineale

General Information
Symbol: ALVI
Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
L48   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Allium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, VA, Carlin. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, NJ. Usage Requirements .

©Jim Stasz. United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 499. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Liliidae
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae – Lily family
Genus Allium L. – onion
Species Allium vineale L. – wild garlic

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Allium vineale . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
compactum</i>
(Thuill.) Coss. & Germ.
Allium vineale ssp. compactum
compact onion Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
kochii</i>
(Lange) K. Richt. [excluded]
Allium vineale ssp. kochii
Distribution of <i>
Allium vineale</i>
L. ssp. <i>
vineale </i>
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
wild garlic

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Arkansas Allium
wild onion, wild garlic Noxious weed
California wild garlic B list (noxious weeds)
Hawaii wild garlic Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Allium Allium vineale field garlic wild garlic This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ALVI)
CalPhotos (ALVI)
Flora of North America (ALVI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ALVI)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (ALVI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (ALVI)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ALVI)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ALVI)
Related Websites
Australia Tasmania Department of Primary Industries (ALVI)
VA-Virginia Tech Weed ID (ALVI)
Victoria - Natural Resources & Environment: Landcare Notes (ALVI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 26 Page 226, 237 , 238 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Allium

5. Allium vineale Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 299. 1753.

Bulbs 5—20, clustered, stipitate, hard-shelled, asymmetric, ovoid, 1—2 × 1—2 cm; outer coats enclosing bulbs, brownish to yellowish, membranous, vertically striate, splitting into parallel strips and fibers, cells arranged in ± wavy rows, vertical; inner coats white to light brown, cells obscure, vertically elongate. Leaves persistent, green at anthesis, 2—4, sheathing at least proximal 1/2 scape; blade hollow below middle, terete, cylindric or filiform, not carinate, 20—60 cm × 2—4 mm, margins entire. Scape persistent, solitary, erect, terete, 30—120 cm × 1.5—4 mm. Umbel persistent, erect, ± compact, 0—50-flowered, subglobose to ovoid or hemispheric, flowering pedicels all or in part replaced by bulbils; bulbils sessile, basally narrowed, 4—6 × 2—3 mm; spathe bract caducous, 1, 2—several-veined, ovate, apex caudate, beaked, beak ± equaling or longer than base. Flowers campanulate, 3—4 mm; tepals erect, greenish to purple, elliptic-lanceolate, ± equal, withering in fruit, margins entire, apex obtuse; stamens exserted, outer 3 filaments without appendages, inner 3 filaments with 2 prominent lateral appendages; anthers purple; pollen white; ovary crestless; style exserted, linear, ± equaling stamen; stigma capitate, scarcely thickened, unlobed; flowering pedicel 10—20 mm. Seed coat shining; cells smooth. 2n = 32, 40.

Flowering Jun--Aug. Disturbed areas often adjacent to agricultural lands; 0--700 m; introduced; Ont., Que.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind. Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.; Europe.

Allium vineale is also expected to be found in Wisconsin and Texas; specimens were not seen. It is a noxious weed, apparently introduced from Europe in colonial times. The small, wheat-sized bulbils frequently contaminated wheat grown in infested areas. Bread made from such wheat was garlic-flavored, and cows grazing in infested pastures produce garlic-flavored milk.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+vineale+ssp.+vineale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+vineale+ssp.+vineale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 6
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Allium vineale ssp. vineale%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2981 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2983 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2984 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2986 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2963 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2988 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+vineale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant ---> https://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&where-taxon=Allium+vineale&where-lifeform=specimen_tag&rel-lifeform=ne&rel-taxon=begins+with&where-lifeform=Plant

CalPhotos    
Contributors       Log In  
 

Number of matches : 25
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Allium vineale%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0038 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0108 0664 [detail]
© 2008 Zoya Akulova

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0034 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0036 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0037 [detail]
© 2001 CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0711 2236 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0711 2237 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0711 2238 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0711 2239 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0711 2240 [detail]
© 2011 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0612 1640 [detail]
© 2012 Aaron Arthur

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0612 1641 [detail]
© 2012 Aaron Arthur

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0000 0000 0719 2546 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0519 1441 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0519 1440 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0519 1439 [detail]
© 2019 Zoya Akulova

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0035 [detail]
© CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0033 [detail]
© CDFA

Allium vineale
Allium vineale
Vineyard Onion
ID: 0175 3301 3810 0032 [detail]
© CDFA

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2981 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2983 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2984 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2986 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Allium vineale ssp. vineale
Wild Garlic
ID: 0000 0000 0817 2963 [detail]
© 2017 Wynn Anderson

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2019 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BNHM      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2020-02-16 22:35:20 gmt
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